Aegle marmelos belongs the family rutaceae. It is commonly known as bael, or bilva and siriphal. The bael tree has been traced to vedic period ( 2000BC- 800 BC ) The bael fruit has been mentioned in Yajurveda . The bael tree has great mythological significance and abounds in the vicinity of temples. The leaves of bael tree are traditionally used in sacred offering to Lord Shiva
It is indigenous to India and is grown through out India and countries of South East Asia
It contains iron, calcium, riboflavin, thiamine, phosphorus, niacin, Vit. C, and carotene. Fruits and leaves are used
1. Diarrhea and dysentery -- a. Half ripe bael fruit is a most effective remedy for acute diarrhea and dysentery. Take one teacup fruit pulp twice a day
b. One gets ride of diarrhea after taking pippali with honey or buttermilk with tender fruit of bael
c. In case of dysentery tender fruits of bael mixed with liquid jaggery , honey and oil shoul be taken. It controls the disease immediately
d. The dietary preparation made of tender bael fruit  wqual quantity of sessamum paste , supernatant layer of curd and added with sour and ghee checks dysentery 
e. Badara fruits steamed with bael fruits and when cooled taken with jaggery and oil checks diarrhea
f. Tender fruits of bael , jaggery, pippali, dry ginger- all these together should be taken in conditions of pain and tensmus 
g. Decotion of bael , amra seed mixed with honey and sugar checks vomiting and diarrhea 
2. Constipation--Mix the pulp of fruit with jaggery and eat once a day
3. Diabetes- Oxidative stress induced hyperglycemia or diabetes can be reduced to a great extent by extracts of bael leaf. Studies have shown that administering leaf extract of bael reduced blood glucose levels up to 54 percent 
4. Cholesterol- Bael leaf extract were effective in decreasing cholesterol levels compare to modern drugs. They also control tryglyceride levels in blood
5. Piles--a. The patient should be well massaged and then dipped in to the warm decoction of bael or buttermilk or sour curd or gruel or cow's urine
b. One who eats tender fruits of bael regularly becomes able to control bleeding piles
6. Edema- Juice of bael leaves mixed with marica is useful in edema
7. Jaundice- In take of bael leaves juice with trikatu alleviates jaundice
8. Vomiting- Cooled decoction of bael or guduci added with honey or murva with rice water should be taken in vomiting
b. Decoction of bael and dry ginger checks vomiting
9. Obesity- Decoction of bael , agnimartha, syonata, kasmari and patala mixed with honey alleviates obesity
Pediatric disorders- a. Sweet preparation with tender bael fruit , ela, sugar, and parched paddy acts as appetizer
b. Parched paddy mixed with sugar and dissolved in decoction of bael root should be administered to the child. It checks vomiting and diarrhea
10-Peptic ulcer- An infusion of bael leaves is an effective remedy for peptic ulcer. Bael leaves are rich in tannin which reduces inflammation and help in the healing of ulcers
b. Mix one teacup pulp with one teaspoon sugar and eat early morning on an empty stomach for 3 days
11. Earache- The root of bael tree is also used as a domestic remedy to check ear problems. A stiff piece of bael root is dipped in neem oil and lighted . The oil that dipd from the burning end is a highly effective medicine for problems related to ear. 
12. Respiratory disorders - A medicated oil prepared from bael leaves gives relief from recurrent cold and respiratory affections. A teaspoon of the oil should be massaged in to the scalp before a head bath. The regular use builds up resistance to cold and cough

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