Showing posts from January, 2016


A ruptured eardrum — or perforated tympanic membrane as it's medically known — is a hole or tear in your eardrum, the thin tissue that separates your ear canal from your middle ear. A ruptured eardrum can result in hearing loss. A ruptured eardrum can also make your middle ear vulnerable to infections or injury Causes- Causes of a ruptured, or perforated, eardrum may include: Middle ear infection (otitis media). A middle ear infection often results in the accumulation of fluids in your middle ear. Pressure from these fluids can cause the eardrum to rupture. Barotrauma. Barotrauma is stress exerted on your eardrum when the air pressure in your middle ear and the air pressure in the environment are out of balance. If the pressure is severe, your eardrum can rupture. Barotrauma is also called airplane ear because it's most often caused by air pressure changes associated with air travel. Other events that can cause sudden changes in pressure — and possibly a ruptured eardrum — include …


Endocarditis is an infection of the inner lining of your heart (endocardium). Endocarditis generally occurs when bacteria or other germs from another part of your body, such as your mouth, spread through your bloodstream and attach to damaged areas in your heart. Left untreated, endocarditis can damage or destroy your heart valves and can lead to life-threatening complications. Treatments for endocarditis include antibiotics and, in certain cases, surgery. Endocarditis is uncommon in people with healthy hearts. People at greatest risk of endocarditis have damaged heart valves, artificial heart valves or other heart defects. Causes-Endocarditis occurs when germs enter your bloodstream, travel to your heart, and attach to abnormal heart valves or damaged heart tissue. Bacteria cause most cases, but fungi or other microorganisms also may be responsible. Sometimes the culprit is one of many common bacteria that live in your mouth, throat or other parts of your body. The offending organism may…


Botanical name                  Rauwolfia serpentina  Benth. ex. Kurz. Family                                  Apocynaceae Common names Bengali                                  Sarpagandha English                                   Sepentina, Snake root Hindi                                      Chhotachand Malayalam                              Sarpagandhi Sanskrit                                   Sarpagandha Tamil                                       Chivanmelpodi Occurrence & Distribution Grows in waste places and in shady forests in different parts ofIndia  from Punjab eastwards toNepal,Sikkim,BhutanandAssam, also in certain parts of Central India andWestern Ghats Description Glabrous under shrub. Leaves in whorls of 3 or 4 rarely opposite, shining green above, pale beneath, elliptic- lanceolate or obovate acute or acuminate. Inflorescence many flowered cymes. Corolla salver shaped, tube cylindric, white with red tinge, mouth constricted  , throat usually hairy within. Fruits obliquely o…


Botanical name                        Crataegus oxyacantha Family                                      Rosaceae Common names                        Hawthron , thron apple

Hawthorn is a thorny tree that thrives in hedgerows and fields in the temperate regions of Europe and theBritish Isles. Its name originates from the Greek word kratos meaning strength and refers to the nature of the wood. Other names include white thorn and hogberry. It blooms in May producing luscious red fruits and hence receives one of its most popular names, May-blossom. Part used                              Berry Folklore Crataegus was regarded as a valuable heart remedy as far back as the Middle Ages. The Crataegus was considered sacred in early times and believed to furnish the Crown of Thorns. Legend has it that between AD30-63 Joseph of Aramathea came toEnglandand planted his hawthorn staff inGlastonburysoil. This became known as the Glastonbury Thorn and grew and blossomed at Christmas and Easter as if in celebr…


Botanical name                               Trigonella foenum- graecum  Linn Synonymous                                    Glycine labialia Linn Common names Bengali                                               Methi English                                                Feugreek Hindi                                                   Methi Sanskrit                                               Methika Tamil                                                   Vendayam Occurrence & Distribution Originally found beside the Black Sea, fenugreek is widely grown annual inIndia, North Africa, and theUnited States Wild in Kahmir,Punjab, and the upper Gangetic plains. Widely cultivated in many parts ofIndia Description An erect aromatic annual herb, 30- 60 cm tall. Leaves pinnate, 3- foliate. Leaflets obscurely dentate, oblanceolate- oblong, 2.0 -2.5 cm long. Flowers  axillary , 1 or 2, white or yellow- white. Pods beaked, turgid, 3- 15 cm long. Seeds 10- 20 , oblong with a deep groove across one cor…


Botanical name---  Terminalia arjuna ( Roxb. ) W & A Family --  Combretaceae Common names Bengali-    Arjun English   -- Arjun Hindi  --`Arjun Malayalam--  Arjuna Sanskrit -- Arjun Tamil  --  Vellamatta Occurrence  & Distribution Common on the banks of rivers , streams, and dry water courses in sub Himalayan  tract, Central and South India andWest Bengal.  Also planted for shade or ornament in avenues or parks Description A large tree, 20-25 m high, with often buttressed trunk, smooth grey bark., and drooping branchlets. Leaves subopposite , hard, coriaceous, oblong or elliptic, 10 – 20 cm long. Flowers yellowish- white, borne in shortly panicled spikes. Fruits 2.5- 5 cm long, obovoid-oblong, with 5-7 equal , hard, coriaceous , thick narrow wings, their striations curing much upwards Flowers in March- June and fruits in September – November Part used Fruits, leaves, bark Chemical constituents Alicylic and amino acids and polypols. Arachidic stearate, cerasidin, hendriacontane, myristyl oleate,…


Botanical name  --Moringa olifera Lam. Family---Moringaceae Synonyms-- Moringa olifera Gaertn. Common names Bengali                        Sajna English                         Drum stick tree Hindi                           Soanjna Malayalam                   Muringa Sanskrit                      Shigru Tamil                          Murungai Occurrence & Distribution Indigenous to north –west India . Plentiful on alluvial land in or near sandy beds of rivers and streams. Cultivated frequently in hedges and homeyards Description A small or medium sized tree, 10 m high. Bark corky, soft, thick, deeply fissured. Wood soft. Leaves usually tripinnate, 30.5-61 cm long , leaflets elliptic. Flowers bisexual , irregular, fragrant, white , borne in large panicles . Pods triangular, ribbed, pendulous, greenish, 22.5- 50.0 cm or more in length. Seeds trigonous, winged Flowers in February and fruits in March- April Part used                   All parts of the plant and seed oil  Constituents             Leav…


Tobacco products are products made entirely or partly of leaf tobacco as raw material, which are intended to be smoked, sucked, chewed or snuffed. All contain the highly addictive psychoactive ingredient, nicotine. Tobacco use is one of the main risk factors for a number of chronic diseases, including cancer, lung diseases, and cardiovascular diseases. Despite this, it is common throughout the world. A number of countries have legislation restricting tobacco advertising, and regulating who can buy and use tobacco products, and where people can smoke HOMOEOPATHIC REMEDIES There are very effective remedies for the bad effects of tobacco smoking ARSENICUM ALB 30- - Remove bad effects chewing tobacco.Chilly and restless persons.Thirst for cold things.Nausea and vomiting                         
CALADIUM SEG. 6-- - Modifies craving for tobacco.Tobacco heart and asthmatic complaints.Antidotes tobacco effects                 
CHINA 3--   Destroys the craving for tobacco.Nervous, flatulent, dyspep…


Metrorrhagia -Uterine bleeding at irregular intervals, particularly between the expected menstrual periods. Metrorrhagia may be a sign of an underlying disorder, such as hormone imbalance,endometriosis,uterine fibroidsor, less commonly,cancerof the uterus. Metrorrhagia may cause significantanemia. HOMOEOPATHIC MEDICINES BOVISTA 30- Bleeding between periods and profuse , bloody leucorrhea. Intermenstrual bleeding ERIGERON 30- Metrorrhagia with violent irritation of rectum and bladder, prolapses uteri. Bright red flow FERRUM PHOS 30- Menses every three weeks, with a bearing down sensation and pain on top of the head. Vagina dry and hot FICUS RELIGIOSA Q- Metrorrhagia , bright red blood . Bearing down sensation in lower abdomen NITRIC ACID 30-- Bleeding between periods with pain in the back and legs. This may happen due to overexertion or lifting heavy weights PHOSPHORUS 30- Slight haemorrhage from uterus  between periods. Menses too early , scanty and lasts too long. Weeps before menses SABINA…


Cold sores — also called fever blisters — are a common viral infection. They are tiny, fluid-filled blisters on and around your lips. These blisters are often grouped together in patches. After the blisters break, a crust forms over the resulting sore. Cold sores usually heal in two to four weeks without leaving a scar. Cold sores spread from person to person by close contact, such as kissing. They're caused by a herpes simplex virus (HSV-1) closely related to the one that causes genital herpes (HSV-2). Both of these viruses can affect your mouth or genitals and can be spread by oral sex. Cold sores are contagious even if you don't see the sores. Symptoms -- A cold sore usually passes through several stages: Tingling and itching.Many people feel an itching, burning or tingling sensation around their lips for a day or so before a small, hard, painful spot appears and blisters erupt. Blisters. Small fluid-filled blisters typically break out along the border where the outside edge of…


Photophobia is eye discomfort in bright light. Photophobia is common. For many people, the problem is not due to any disease. Severe photophobia may occur with eye problems. It can cause bad eye pain, even in low light. Causes--Causes may include:--acute iritis, burns to the eyes, corneal abrasion, corneal ulcer, Drugs such as amphetamines, atropine,cocanine , cyclopentolate,  idoxuridine, phenylephrine, scopolamine, trifluridine, tropicamide, and vidarabine, Excessive wearing of contact lenses, or wearing badly-fitted contact lenses, Eye disease, injury, or infection  , Eye testing when the eyes have been dilated, meningitis, Recovery from eye surgery HOMOEOPATHIC REMEDIES BELLADONNA 30- General photophobia . Likes to wear sun glasses always. Aversion to light in  eye troubles. CALCAREA CARB 30- Sensitive to light, which causes lachrymation . Sun light cannot be tolerated CROTALUS HOR. 30- Very sensitive to light especially lamp light ELAPS COR- 30- Aversion to light. Letters run together …