Sunday, 24 September 2017


Autism spectrum disorder is a condition related to brain development that impacts how a person perceives and socializes with others, causing problems in social interaction and communication. The disorder also includes limited and repetitive patterns of behavior. The term "spectrum" in autism spectrum disorder refers to the wide range of symptoms and severity.
Autism spectrum disorder includes conditions that were previously considered separate — autism, Asperger's syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder and an unspecified form of pervasive developmental disorder.
Autism spectrum disorder begins in early childhood and eventually causes problems functioning in society — socially, in school and at work, for example. Often children show symptoms of autism within the first year. A small number of children appear to develop normally in the first year, and then go through a period of regression between 18 and 24 months of age when they develop autism symptoms.
Autism spectrum disorder has no single known cause. Given the complexity of the disorder, and the fact that symptoms and severity vary, there are probably many causes. Both genetics and environment may play a role.
Genetics. Several different genes appear to be involved in autism spectrum disorder. For some children, autism spectrum disorder can be associated with a genetic disorder, such as Rett syndrome or fragile X syndrome. For other children, genetic changes (mutations) may increase the risk of autism spectrum disorder. Still other genes may affect brain development or the way that brain cells communicate, or they may determine the severity of symptoms. Some genetic mutations seem to be inherited, while others occur spontaneously.
Environmental factors. Researchers are currently exploring whether factors such as viral infections, medications or complications during pregnancy, or air pollutants play a role in triggering autism spectrum disorder.



Some children show signs of autism spectrum disorder in early infancy, such as reduced eye contact, lack of response to their name or indifference to caregivers. Other children may develop normally for the first few months or years of life, but then suddenly become withdrawn or aggressive or lose language skills they've already acquired. Signs usually are seen by age 2 years.
Each child with autism spectrum disorder is likely to have a unique pattern of behavior and level of severity — from low functioning to high functioning.
Some children with autism spectrum disorder have difficulty learning, and some have signs of lower than normal intelligence. Other children with the disorder have normal to high intelligence — they learn quickly, yet have trouble communicating and applying what they know in everyday life and adjusting to social situations.
Because of the unique mixture of symptoms in each child, severity can sometimes be difficult to determine. It's generally based on the level of impairments and how they impact the ability to function.
Below are some common signs shown by people who have autism spectrum disorder.

Social communication and interaction

A child or adult with autism spectrum disorder may have problems with social interaction and communication skills, including any of these signs:
·         Fails to respond to his or her name or appears not to hear you at times
·         Resists cuddling and holding, and seems to prefer playing alone, retreating into his or her own world
·         Has poor eye contact and lacks facial expression
·         Doesn't speak or has delayed speech, or loses previous ability to say words or sentences
·         Can't start a conversation or keep one going, or only starts one to make requests or label items
·         Speaks with an abnormal tone or rhythm and may use a singsong voice or robot-like speech
·         Repeats words or phrases verbatim, but doesn't understand how to use them
·         Doesn't appear to understand simple questions or directions
·         Doesn't express emotions or feelings and appears unaware of others' feelings
·         Doesn't point at or bring objects to share interest
·         Inappropriately approaches a social interaction by being passive, aggressive or disruptive
·         Has difficulty recognizing nonverbal cues, such as interpreting other people's facial expressions, body postures or tone of voice


Patterns of behavior

A child or adult with autism spectrum disorder may have limited, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests or activities, including any of these signs:
·         Performs repetitive movements, such as rocking, spinning or hand flapping
·         Performs activities that could cause self-harm, such as biting or head-banging
·         Develops specific routines or rituals and becomes disturbed at the slightest change
·         Has problems with coordination or has odd movement patterns, such as clumsiness or walking on toes, and has odd, stiff or exaggerated body language
·         Is fascinated by details of an object, such as the spinning wheels of a toy car, but doesn't understand the overall purpose or function of the object
·         Is unusually sensitive to light, sound or touch, yet may be indifferent to pain or temperature
·         Doesn't engage in imitative or make-believe play
·         Fixates on an object or activity with abnormal intensity or focus
·         Has specific food preferences, such as eating only a few foods, or refusing foods with a certain texture

Risk factors
The number of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder is rising. It's not clear whether this is due to better detection and reporting or a real increase in the number of cases, or both.
Autism spectrum disorder affects children of all races and nationalities, but certain factors increase a child's risk. These may include:
Your child's sex. Boys are about four times more likely to develop autism spectrum disorder than girls are.
Family history. Families who have one child with autism spectrum disorder have an increased risk of having another child with the disorder. It's also not uncommon for parents or relatives of a child with autism spectrum disorder to have minor problems with social or communication skills themselves or to engage in certain behaviors typical of the disorder.
Other disorders. Children with certain medical conditions have a higher than normal risk of autism spectrum disorder or autism-like symptoms. Examples include fragile X syndrome, an inherited disorder that causes intellectual problems; tuberous sclerosis, a condition in which benign tumors develop in the brain; and Rett syndrome, a genetic condition occurring almost exclusively in girls, which causes slowing of head growth, intellectual disability and loss of purposeful hand use.
Extremely preterm babies. Babies born before 26 weeks of gestation may have a greater risk of autism spectrum disorder.
·         Parents' ages. There may be a connection between children born to older parents and autism spectrum disorder, but more research is necessary to establish this link.

Problems with social interactions, communication and behavior can lead to:
·         Problems in school and with successful learning
·         Employment problems
·         Inability to live independently
·         Social isolation
·         Stress within the family
·         Victimization and being bullied

Homoeopathy today is a rapidly growing system and is being practiced all over the world.Its strength lies in its evident effectiveness as it takes a holistic approach towards the sick individual through promotion of inner balance at mental, emotional, spiritual and physical levels. When Autism spectrum disorder   is concerned there are many effective medicines are available in Homoeopathy, but the selection depends upon the individuality of the patient, considering the mental and physical symptoms.
CARCINOSIN   200-----History of cancer in the family.  Desire for milk. Sweat on head. Desire for salty things. Restlessness. Talented , but are obsessive , compulsive , stubborn . Sleep related issues. Mental retardation. Hyperactivity. Attention deficit syndrome. Aversion to reprimand or contradiction. Fastidious. Loves the excitement of thunderstorms.

BARYTA CARBONICUM 200----Poor socialization, communication and language skills. Shyness is another leading symptom. Shy of strangers. Bashful. Timid. Cowardly. Hides behind the furniture and keeps the hands over the face , peeping through the fingers. Weak memory. Forgets her errand or word in her mouth.Childish and thoughtless behavior. Slow mental grasp and backward.

BELLADONNA  200---- Hyperactivity, poor communication, echolalia . Self injurious behavior, biting, jumping etc. Constant moaning. Starts in fright at the approach of others. Spits on faces of other persons. Quarrelsome.

BUFO RANA 200---—Handling of genitals and nervous agitation.  The mind remains childish, only the body grows. Moral de. Talks nonsense , then angry, if not understood. Propensity to bite. Howling , impatient, nervous, imbecility.

CALCAREA PHOSPHORICUM 200-------Hyperactivity behavior with stereotypy. Excitable nervous and sleepless. Talks rapidly and easily angered.

COFFEA  200----- Sleep dysfunction, especially late sleeping. Nervous agitation. Cry and laugh easily.

HYOSCYAMUS NIGER  200--- –Eating or drinking dysfunction, escaping , running , jumping , foolish laughter . Inclined to laugh at everything. Very suspicious. Plays with fingers.  

KALI BROMATUM 200--—Hyperactivity and short attention span.Fidgety, busy hands, fumbles. Moves arms about widely. Omits or mixes up words in talking and writing.

KALI PHOSPHORICUM  200--- Nervous agitation leading to sleep deprivation. Children cry and screams. Shy. Indisposition to meet people.

MERCURIUS SOL 200-----Stammering, nervous with tremors. Profuse salivation.

PHOSPHORUS  200--- Audio visual sensitivities . Unnatural fears , especially dark, desire to be hugged, pressurized ,flapping of fingers. Oversensitive to external impressions. Desires ice creams and cold drinks.

SILICEA 200---  Pica.  Difficulty for eye to eye contact. Nervous, excitable. Sensitive to all impressions. Screaming violently. Starts from slight noise.

STRAMONIUM 200----- Hyperactivity, stammering Fears darkness , must have light and company. Face shows expression of terror.

SULPHUR 200----Poor bowel  control, lack of communication, lethargy, laziness . Dull, difficult, thinking , misplaces or cannot find proper words when talking or writing. Aversion to being washed. Restless, kick off the clothes at night. Stoop shouldered.

VERATRUM ALB. 200----- Hyperactivity and produce  vague humming sound. Howling all night.

THUJA OCCIDENTALIS 200---Complaints after vaccination. Speech slow, hunts for words. Over excited, angry.

SYPHILINUM  200-----Intercurrent remedy.

Saturday, 23 September 2017


Scabies is an itchy skin condition caused by a tiny burrowing mite called Sarcoptes scabiei. The presence of the mite leads to intense itching in the area of its burrows. The urge to scratch may be especially strong at night.
Scabies is contagious and can spread quickly through close physical contact in a family, child care group, school class, nursing home or prison. Because of the contagious nature of scabies, doctors often recommend treatment for entire families or contact groups.
Causes-The eight-legged mite that causes scabies in humans is microscopic. The female mite burrows just beneath your skin and produces a tunnel in which it deposits eggs. The eggs hatch, and the mite larvae work their way to the surface of your skin, where they mature and can spread to other areas of your skin or to the skin of other people. The itching of scabies results from your body's allergic reaction to the mites, their eggs and their waste.
Close physical contact and, less often, sharing clothing or bedding with an infected person can spread the mites.
Dogs, cats and humans all are affected by their own distinct species of mite. Each species of mite prefers one specific type of host and doesn't live long away from that preferred host. So humans may have a temporary skin reaction from contact with the animal scabies mite. But people are unlikely to develop full-blown scabies from this source, as they might from contact with the human scabies mite.
Symptoms--Scabies signs and symptoms include:
·         Itching, often severe and usually worse at night
·         Thin, irregular burrow tracks made up of tiny blisters or bumps on your skin
The burrows or tracks typically appear in folds of your skin. Though almost any part of your body may be involved, in adults and older children scabies is most often found:
·         Between fingers
·         In armpits
·         Around your waist
·         Along the insides of wrists
·         On your inner elbow
·         On the soles of your feet
·         Around breasts
·         Around the male genital area
·         On buttocks
·         On knees
·         On shoulder blades

In infants and young children, common sites of infestation include the:
·         Scalp
·         Face
·         Neck
·         Palms of the hands
·         Soles of the feet
If you've had scabies before, signs and symptoms may develop within a few days of exposure. However, if you've never had scabies, it could take as long as six weeks for signs and symptoms to begin. It's important to remember that you can still spread scabies even if you don't have any signs or symptoms yet.
Complications-Vigorous scratching can break your skin and allow a secondary bacterial infection, such as impetigo, to occur. Impetigo is a superficial infection of the skin that's caused most often by staph (staphylococci) bacteria or occasionally by strep (streptococci) bacteria.
A more severe form of scabies, called crusted scabies, may affect certain high-risk groups, including:
·         People with chronic health conditions that weaken the immune system, such as HIV or chronic leukemia
·         People who are very ill, such as people in hospitals or nursing facilities
·         Older people in nursing homes
Crusted scabies, also called Norwegian scabies, tends to be crusty and scaly, and to cover large areas of the body. It's very contagious and can be hard to treat.
Prevention--To prevent re-infestation and to prevent the mites from spreading to other people, take these steps:
Clean all clothes and linen. Use hot, soapy water to wash all clothing, towels and bedding used within three days before beginning treatment. Dry with high heat. Dry-clean items you can't wash at home.
Starve the mites. Consider placing items you can't wash in a sealed plastic bag and leaving it in an out-of-the-way place, such as in your garage, for a couple of weeks. Mites die after a few days without food.


Well selected Homoeopathic remedies are effective for the treatment of scabies, and they cure the condition safely without any side effects.

SULPHUR 200- Sulphur is the top remedy for the treatment of scabies. Sulphur is prescribed when intense itching and scratching is present which worsen with washing and heat, especially during the night.Sulphur patients have an unhealthy skin with pimply eruptions which are painfully sensitive to air, wind and washing.

CAUSTICUM 200- Causticum is another effective medicine for scabies , especially in the folds of skin and between the thighs.There is severe itching and scratching in the finger webs leading to soreness. Burning, rawness and soreness are the main symptoms of Causticum in scabies cases.

SEPIA 200-Sepia is an effective remedy for scabies and it is prescribed when the patient complains of itching vesicles not relieved by scratching. The skin turns pinkish when scratching . The condition gets worse in the open air while the person feels better in warm room. Scabies is mainly present at the bends of the elbows and knees.

ARSENIC ALBUM 200-Arsenic alb is best for scabies and it is prescribed when violent itching along with great restlessness is present. The skin peels off in large scales and is very sore to touch.The skin is dry, rough, scaly, dirty and burn intensely .The person is unable to sleep due to violent itching in the affected areas. Over sensitiveness of the skin with acute itching and burning also observed.

DULCAMARA 30--Dulcamara is best for scabies where there is severe itching which is worse in cold , wet weather.There is thick, brown-yellowish crusts, which bleed on scratching

GRAPHITES 30-Graphites best for scabies and it is prescribed when the rough, hard, dry and unhealthy. Every little injury suppurates. From the eruptions oozing out a sticky exudation. There is rawness in bends of limbs, groins, neck and behind ears.

KALI SULPHURICUM 30-Kali sulph is best for scabies where dry and harsh skin with extreme itching is present.There is peeling and flaking of the skin observed.Here the symptoms are worsen by heat.

LYCOPODIUM CLAVATUM 200- Lycopodium clavatum is an effective remedy for scabies of those people who have gastric or urinary troubles. There is violent itching and bleeding is present from the eruptions. The itching is mainly worse from around 4 pm to 8 pm. There is an unusual craving for warm drinks and sweets are present in Lycopodium

PSORINUM 200-Psorinum is one of the best remedies for scabies where the skin is unhealthy and there is an abnormal tendency to skin diseases. There is severe itching which gets worse from lying in bed. The itching is so severe , so the person scratches until the skin starts to bleed.The skin is dirty, rough, scabby and greasy.

SELENIUM 30—Selenium is effective for scabies where there is dry eruptions with severe itching. Severe itching in ankles, folds of skin, between fingers and in pals.There is vesicular eruptions between fingers.

Friday, 22 September 2017


Nearsightedness (myopia) is a common vision condition in which you can see objects near to you clearly, but objects farther away are blurry.
Nearsightedness may develop gradually or rapidly, often worsening during childhood and adolescence. Nearsightedness tends to run in families.
Causes--Nearsightedness usually occurs when your eye is too long or has a cornea that's curved too steeply. This causes the light rays entering each eye to focus in front of the retina, instead of on the retina, leading to blurry images. The exact reason for some people developing longer eyes is unknown, but it may be related to genetics or environmental conditions.
Normal vision
To focus the images it sees, your eye relies on two critical parts:
·         The cornea, the clear front surface of your eye
·         The crystalline lens, a clear structure inside your eye that changes shape to help focus objects
In a normally shaped eye, each of these focusing elements has a perfectly smooth curvature like the surface of a smooth rubber ball. A cornea and lens with such curvature bend (refract) all incoming light in such a way as to make a sharply focused image on the retina, at the back of your eye.
A refractive error
However, if your cornea or lens isn't evenly and smoothly curved, light rays aren't refracted properly, and you have a refractive error. Nearsightedness is one type of refractive error. Instead of being focused precisely on your retina, light is focused in front of your retina, resulting in a blurry appearance of distant objects.
Other refractive errors
In addition to nearsightedness, other refractive errors include:
Farsightedness (hyperopia). This occurs when your cornea is curved too little or your eye is shorter from front to back than normal. The effect is the opposite of nearsightedness. In adults, both near and distant objects are blurred.
Astigmatism. This occurs when your cornea or lens is curved more steeply in one direction than in another. Uncorrected astigmatism blurs your vision.

Symptoms--Nearsightedness symptoms may include:
·         Blurry vision when looking at distant objects
·         The need to squint or partially close the eyelids to see clearly
·         Headaches caused by eyestrain
·         Difficulty seeing while driving a vehicle, especially at night (night myopia)
Nearsightedness is often first detected during childhood and is commonly diagnosed between the early school years through the teens. A child with nearsightedness may:
·         Persistently squint
·         Need to sit closer to the television, movie screen or the front of the classroom
·         Seem to be unaware of distant objects
·         Blink excessively
·         Rub his or her eyes frequently

Risk factors-Certain risk factors may increase the likelihood of developing nearsightedness, such as:
Family history. Nearsightedness tends to run in families. If one of your parents is nearsighted, your risk of developing the condition is increased. The risk is even higher if both parents are nearsighted.
Reading. People who do a lot of reading may be at increased risk of myopia.
Environmental conditions. Some studies support the idea that a lack of time spent outdoors may increase the chances of developing myopia.

Homoeopathic remedies are effective for treating myopia also for the prevention of myopia.Homoeopathic treatment prevent further progression of the disease . Some of the important remedies are given below-

PHYSOSTIGMA 30-Pysostigma is one of the top  Homeopathic medicines for myopia. Pysostigma is prescribed  for nearsightedness which is progressing rapidly, accompanied by pain in the orbits. The person experiences photophobia along with blurred vision. Spasm of the ciliary muscle, irritability of the eyes and dim vision are present in   Pysostigma.

RUTA GRAVEOLENS 30-Ruta is effective  for myopia with severe headache. Heacahe occurs  while reading, sewing and performing other near-sighted activities. Weakness of the ciliary muscles and blurred vision are also present.  Ruta acts very well for eyestrain occurring from overuse of eyes.

AGARICUS MUSCARIUS 30-Agaricus is another effective medicine for Myopia. The person experiences difficulty in reading , as type seems to move or to swim. Double vision with flickering before the eyes.Asthenopia from prolonged strain, spasm of accommodation. There is twitching of lids eye balls. Margin of the lids red, itch and burn

VIOLA ODORATA 30- Viola Odorata is another medicine for  Myopia, where it is accompanied by severe pain in the eyes.   The person complains of severe pain in the eyes which radiates to the top of the head.Other prescribing symptoms rae   heaviness of the eyelids, flames before the eyes and nearsightedness .

OLEUM ANIMALE 30-Oleum Animale is one of the effective  Homeopathic medicines for myopia where the symptoms include blurred vision with smarting in the eyes. The person often sees glistening bodies before his eyes and complains of dim vision. Nearsightedness accompanied by twitching of the eyelids is another prescribing symptom

LILIUM TIGRINUM 30-Lilium tig is best for Myopia , there is myopic astigma. There is impaired vision , pain extending back . Hyperesthesia of the retina. Lilium tig is useful in restoring the power of weak ciliary muscles.

PHOSPHORUS 30-Phosphorus is another effective   Homeopathic medicines for myopia. Fatigue of the eyes and head even when the eyes are not being overused is a key symptom for prescription of Phosphorus. It is prescribed  for myopia with weak eyesight and an aversion to light. A feeling of having sand in the eyes which gets better by rubbing may also be present. Frequent itching in the eyes with profuse lachrymation is also present.Phosphorus  is effective for the  treatment of   nearsightedness with atrophy of optic nerve .


Autism spectrum disorder is a condition related to brain development that impacts how a person perceives and socializes with others, cau...