Showing posts from August, 2017


Up to 15 percent of couples are infertile. This means they aren't able to conceive a child even though they've had frequent, unprotected sexual intercourse for a year or longer. In up to half of these couples, male infertility plays a role. Male infertility is due to low sperm production, abnormal sperm function or blockages that prevent the delivery of sperm. Illnesses, injuries, chronic health problems, lifestyle choices and other factors can play a role in causing male infertility Causes-- Male fertility is a complex process. To get your partner pregnant, the following must occur: You must produce healthy sperm.Initially, this involves the growth and formation of the male reproductive organs during puberty. At least one of your testicles must be functioning correctly, and your body must produce testosterone and other hormones to trigger and maintain sperm production.Sperm have to be carried into the semen.Once sperm are produced in the testicles, …


Ingrown toenails are a common condition in which the corner or side of a toenail grows into the soft flesh. The result is pain, redness, swelling and, sometimes, an infection. Ingrown toenails usually affect the  big toe.
Causes Common ingrown toenail causes include: ·Wearing shoes that crowd your toenails ·Cutting your toenails too short or not straight across ·Injuring your toenail ·Having unusually curved toenails
Symptoms Ingrown toenail symptoms include: ·Pain and tenderness in your toe along one or both sides of the nail ·Redness around your toenail ·Swelling of your toe around the nail ·Infection of the tissue around your toenail


The Achilles tendon, or calcaneal tendon, is a large ropelike band of fibrous tissue in the back of the ankle that connects the powerful calf muscles to the heel bone (calcaneus). Sometimes called the heel cord, it is the largest tendon in the human body. When the calf muscles contract, the Achilles tendon is tightened, pulling the heel. This allows you to point your foot and stand on tiptoe. It is vital to such activities as walking, running, and jumping. A complete tear through the tendon, which usually occurs about 2 inches above the heel bone, is called an Achilles tendon rupture . Causes Your Achilles tendon helps you point your foot downward, rise on your toes and push off your foot as you walk. You rely on it virtually every time you walk and move your foot. Rupture usually occurs in the section of the tendon situated within 2 1/2 inches (about 6 centimeters) of the point where it attaches to the heel bone. This section might be prone to rupture because blood flow is poor, which a…


A bunion is a painful bony bump that develops on the inside of the foot at the big toe joint. Bunions are often referred to as hallux valgus.
Bunions develop slowly. Pressure on the big toe joint causes the big toe to lean toward the second toe. Over time, the normal structure of the bone changes, resulting in the bunion bump. This deformity will gradually increase and may make it painful to wear shoes or walk. The skin over the bunion might be red and sore.
Anyone can get a bunion, but they are more common in women. Many women wear tight, narrow shoes that squeeze the toes together—which makes it more likely for a bunion to develop, worsen and cause painful symptoms. Bunions can also develop as an inherited structural defect, stress on the foot or a medical condition , such as arthritis.
CausesThere are many theories about how bunions develop, but the exact cause is unknown. Factors likely include: ·Inherited foot type ·Foot injuries ·Deformities present at birth (congenital) Experts disagr…