Showing posts from March, 2018


Age spots –also called liver spots and solar lentigines – are small dark areas on the skin. They vary insize and usually appear on the face, hands, shoulders and arms, areas most exposed to the sun Age spots are very common in adults older than 50. But younger people can get them too, especially if they spend a lot of time in the sun. Age spots can look like cancerous growths. But true age spots are harmless . Causes- Age spots are caused by overactivepigment cells. Ultraviolet light accelerates the production of melanin. On the areas of skin that have had years of frequent and prolongedsun exposure , age spots appear when melanin becomes clumped or is produced in high concentrations. The use of commercial tanning lamps and tanning beds can also contribute to the development of age spots. Symptoms-Age spots may affect people of all skin types, but they are more common in people with light skin . Age spots- ·Are flat, oval areas of increased pigmentation ·Are usually tan, brown or black ·Occu…


Anal fistula is the medical term for an infected tunnel that develops between the skin and the muscular opening at the end of the digestive tract (anus). Most anal fistulas are the result of an infection that starts in an anal gland. This infection results in an abscess that drains spontaneously or is drained surgically through the skin next to the anus. The fistula then forms a tunnel under the skin and connects with the infected gland. Causes--Most fistulas result from an anal abscess. A small number of fistulas may less frequently be caused by other processes such as Chron’s disease, sexually transmitted diseases,trauma, tuberculosis, cancer, or diverticulitis Symptoms-- The following may be symptoms or signs of an anal fistula ·Recurrent anal abscess ·Pain and swelling around abscess ·Pain with bowel movements ·Bleeding ·Bloody or foul-smelling pus from an opening around the anus. The pain may decrease after the fistula drains. ·Irritation of the skin around the anus due to persistent drai…


Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs or pockets within or on the surface of an ovary. Women have two ovaries — each about the size and shape of an almond — located on each side of the uterus. Eggs (ova) develop and mature in the ovaries and are released in monthly cycles during your childbearing years. Many women have ovarian cysts at some time during their lives. Most ovarian cysts present little or no discomfort and are harmless. The majority of ovarian cysts disappear without treatment within a few months. However, ovarian cysts — especially those that have ruptured — sometimes produce serious symptoms. The best ways to protect your health are to know the symptoms that may signal a more significant problem and to schedule regular pelvic examinations. Causes-Most ovarian cysts develop as a result of the normal function of your menstrual cycle. These are known as functional cysts. Other types of cysts are much less common. Functional cysts Your ovaries normally grow cyst-like structures ca…


Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) is a condition in which thethyroid gland doesn't produce enough of certain important hormones. Women, especially those older than age 60, are more likely to have hypothyroidism. Hypothyroidism upsets the normal balance of chemical reactions in thebody. It seldom causes symptoms in the early stages, but over time, untreated hypothyroidism can cause a number of health problems, such as obesity, joint pain, infertility and heart disease. Causes---- When thethyroid doesn't produce enough hormones, the balance of chemical reactions in thebody can be upset. There can be a number of causes, including autoimmune disease, treatment for hyperthyroidism, radiation therapy, thyroid surgery and certain medications. The thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland situated at the base of the front of the neck, just below your Adam's apple. Hormones produced by the thyroid gland — triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) — have an enormous impact on the he…