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Showing posts from August, 2012

CRATAEGUS OXYACANTHA

Botanical name                        Crataegus oxyacantha Family                                      Rosaceae Common names                        Hawthron , thron apple

Hawthorn is a thorny tree that thrives in hedgerows and fields in the temperate regions of Europe and the British Isles. Its name originates from the Greek word kratos meaning strength and refers to the nature of the wood. Other names include white thorn and hogberry. It blooms in May producing luscious red fruits and hence receives one of its most popular names, May-blossom. Part used                               Berry Folklore Crataegus was regarded as a valuable heart remedy as far back as the Middle Ages. TheCrataeguswas considered sacred in early times and believed to furnish the Crown of Thorns. Legend has it that between AD30-63 Joseph of Aramathea came to England and planted his hawthorn staff in Glastonbury soil. This became known as theGlastonbury Thornand grew and blossomed at Christmas and Easter as if in …

FENUGREEK

Botanical name                               Trigonella foenum- graecum  Linn Synonymous                                    Glycine labialia Linn Common names Bengali                                               Methi English                                                Feugreek Hindi                                                   Methi Sanskrit                                               Methika Tamil                                                   Vendayam Occurrence & Distribution Originally found beside the Black Sea, fenugreek is widely grown annual in India, North Africa, and the United States Wild in Kahmir, Punjab, and the upper Gangetic plains. Widely cultivated in many parts of India Description An erect aromatic annual herb, 30- 60 cm tall. Leaves pinnate, 3- foliate. Leaflets obscurely dentate, oblanceolate- oblong, 2.0 -2.5 cm long. Flowers  axillary , 1 or 2, white or yellow- white. Pods beaked, turgid, 3- 15 cm long. Seeds 10- 20 , oblong with a deep groove…

HERBAL TRATMENT

Herbs are used in almost all health conditions. A plants effect on the body will vary according to their active constituents. Coffee foe example contain caffeine, which stimulates the cardiovascular and nervous systems., making you more alert . Menthol leaves contain menthol , which is calming and antispasmodic , it relaxes the stomach  and aids digestion Coffee and mint are just two of the hundreds of plants that medical herbalist have  at their disposal  each with its own individual properties. As a result both training and experience , a good herbalist knows which herb or combination of herbs is best for treating  a particular disorder Like many common drugs coffee and mint are relatively harmless , but some herbs have a more potent effect. Certain combinations of herbs can also have adverse side effects , and the action of some plants can interfere with that of conventional drugs. For example St. John’s wort can reduce the effect of some of the drugs used to treat cardiac and cir…

TERMINALIA ARJUNA

Botanical name                               Terminalia arjuna ( Roxb. ) W & A Family                                                Combretaceae Common names Bengali                                               Arjun English                                                             Arjun Hindi                                       ````````Arjun Malayalam                                       Arjuna Sanskrit                                               Arjun Tamil                                                    Vellamatta Occurrence  & Distribution Common on the banks of rivers , streams, and dry water courses in sub Himalayan  tract, Central and South India and West Bengal.  Also planted for shade or ornament in avenues or parks Description A large tree, 20-25 m high, with often buttressed trunk, smooth grey bark., and drooping branchlets. Leaves subopposite , hard, coriaceous, oblong or elliptic, 10 – 20 cm long. Flowers yellowish- white, borne in shortly panicled spikes.…

RAUWOLFIA SERPENTINA

Botanical name                   Rauwolfia sepentina  Benth. ex. Kurz. Family                                  Apocynaceae Common names Bengali                                  Sarpagandha English                                   Sepentina, Snake root Hindi                                      Chhotachand Malayalam                              Sarpagandhi Sanskrit                                   Sarpagandha Tamil                                       Chivanmelpodi Occurrence & Distribution Grows in waste places and in shady forests in different parts of India  from Punjab eastwards to Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan and Assam, also in certain parts of Central India and Western Ghats Description Glabrous under shrub. Leaves in whorls of 3 or 4 rarely opposite, shining green above, pale beneath, elliptic- lanceolate or obovate acute or acuminate. Inflorescence many flowered cymes. Corolla salver shaped, tube cylindric, white with red tinge, mouth constricted  , throat usually hairy within. Fr…

AZADIRACHTA INDICA

Botanical name                 Azadirachta indica A. Juss         Synonyms                            Melia azadirachta Linn. Family                                  Meliaceae Common names Bengali                                   Nim English                                    Margosa tree Hindi                                       Nim Malayalam                              Vepe Sanskrit                                  Nimba Tamil                                      Vepa Occurrence & Distribution Commonly cultivated in various parts of India, including village shrubberies. Grows wild in sub- Himalayan tract and forests of other areas Description A large tree up to 18 meter high with almost a straight trunk. Leaves pinnate , crowed at the ends of branches, leaflets 5-15 , opposite , subopposite or alternate , lanceolate , acuminate, serrate or dentate, glabrous. Flowers numerous , white , honey scented . Fruit 1- seeded drupes, oblong, yellow when ripe. Seeds contain oil. Flowers in Februa…