Emphysema gradually damages the air sacs (alveoli) in your lungs, making you progressively more short of breath. Emphysema is one of several diseases known collectively as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Smoking is the leading cause of emphysema.
Your lungs' alveoli are clustered like bunches of grapes. In emphysema, the inner walls of the air sacs weaken and eventually rupture — creating one larger air space instead of many small ones. This reduces the surface area of the lungs and, in turn, the amount of oxygen that reaches your bloodstream.
When you exhale, the damaged alveoli don't work properly and old air becomes trapped, leaving no room for fresh, oxygen-rich air to enter. Treatment may slow the progression of emphysema, but it can't reverse the damage.
Causes --The main cause of emphysema is long-term exposure to airborne irritants, including:-Tobacco smoke, Marijuana smoke, Air pollution, Manufacturing fumes
Rarely, emphysema is caused by an inherited deficiency of a protein that protects the elastic structures in the lungs. It's called alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency emphysema.
Symptoms - You can have emphysema for many years without noticing any signs or symptoms. The main symptom of emphysema is shortness of breath, which usually begins gradually. You may start avoiding activities that cause you to be short of breath, so the symptom doesn't become a problem until it starts interfering with daily tasks. Emphysema eventually causes shortness of breath even while you're at rest.
ANTIMONIUM ARS 30- An excellent remedy for emphysema. Excessive dyspnea and cough with mich mucus secretion ,worse  on eating or lying down. Asthma like condition
ANTIMONIUM TART 30- Emphysema of the aged. Coughing and gasping, consequently . Great rattling of mucus in the lungs. Rapid , short , difficult breathing
ASPIDOSPERMA Q- A tonic for the lungs. Removes temporary obstruction to the oxidation of blood by stimulating respiratory centres . Want of breath during exertion is a guiding symptom. Give 10 drop doses
BRYONIA ALBA 30- Frequent desire to take a long breath , must expand lungs. Dry barking cough worse at night. Quick, difficult respiration with pain in the chest
CARBO VEG 30-Emphysema due to ill or incomplete treatment of pneumonia and chronic hoarseness
CHININIUM ARS 30- Asthma like attacks which occur periodically. Great prostration
COCA 30- Emphysema. Want of breath or shortness of breath. Especially useful for aged sports men and alcoholics . Hoarseness and loss of voice and dyspnea. Give 5-6 doses every 2 hours, in severe cases of emphysema
CURARE 6- Threatened ossation of respiration on falling asleep . Short breath. Short dry cough. Very distressing dyspnea
NAPHTHALINUM 30- Dyspnea and sighing respiration . Emphysema of the aged with asthma. Long and continued paroxysms of coughing . Unable to breathe . Tenacious expectoration
SENEGA 30- Chronic emphysema in old asthmatics with congestive attacks of oppression and weight on chest
STRYCHNINUM 30- Respiration increased. Excessive dyspnea. Sharp contractive pains in the muscles of chest. Persistent cough

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