TYLOPHORA INDICA - FOR BRONCHIAL ASTHMA
Botanical name- Tylophora indica Burn, ( Merill )
Common Name: Antmul.
Beng.- Antomul. Bomb.- Pitmari, Kharaki-raena, Anthamul, Pitakari. Guj.- Antamul.Hindi- Antamuli.
Kan.- Kirumanji. Mal.- Valli-pali. Mar.- Pitakari, Khodki-Rasna. Ori.- Mendi, Mulini. Tam.- Naye-pallai.
Tel.- Veripala, Kukka-pala, Vettipala
It is Indigenous to India. The plant inhabits up to an elevation of 1,260m in the sub Himalayan tract and in central and in peninsular India. It also met within Eastern, North- East and Central India, Bengal and parts of South India
Description- A twining perennial herb. Stem densely tomentose , slender, longitudinally striated with branches arising from axil of leaves. Leaves thick, cauline , opposite, simple, entire, acute and base cordate, glabrous ventrally and pubescent dorsally. Flowers greenish yellow outside, purplish within in many flowered umbels. Fruit a follicle fusiform divaricate , up to 10 cm , striate. Seeds ovate, elongated into a coma, 2 to 2.5 cm, silky hairs at one end.
Part used – Leaves
Constituents-Chemical constituents-The plant has been reported to contain 0.2-0.46% alkaloids viz. Tylophorine, tylophorinine, tylophorinidine, (+)septicine, isotylocrebrine, tylophorinicine, sterols, flavanoids, wax, resins, and tannins. The plant has been traditionally used for the treatment of bronchial asthma, jaundice and inflammation. Its antitumor, immunomodulatory, antioxidant, antiasthmatic, smooth muscle relaxant
Tylophora especially acts upon the mucous membranes of nose, throat and rectum producing an
inflammatory and catarrhal state. It has been useful in cases of otalgia, coryza, sore throat, diarrhoea,
constipation and lumbago.
In respiratory complaints, it is mostly indicated in coryza and pain in throat with cough which is worse
from cold drinks, on swallowing and better from warm drinks. It is a very useful medicine for dry cough which is better by gently rubbing the chest. The medicine also relieves constrictive pain in chest with dyspnoea. It is an excellent remedy for asthma
The rectal complaints are associated with burning sensation, better by applying cold water.
Tylophora indica has an analgesic property which is found in relieving earache, cystitis and lumbago.
Lumbago is aggravated by bending forward and ameliorated by pressure and heat.
Cramping pain in the left calf muscle which is aggravated on walking is another indication for tylophora