The ovaries, a pair of tiny glands in the female pelvic cavity, are the most important organs of the female reproductive system. Their importance is derived from their role in producing both the female sex hormones that control reproduction and the female gametes that are fertilized to form embryos.
Each ovary is a small glandular organ about the shape and size of an almond. The ovaries are located on opposite sides of the uterus in the pelvic cavity and are attached to the uterus by the ovarian ligament
The ovaries play two central roles in the female reproductive system by acting as both glands and gonads. Acting as glands, the ovaries produce several female sex hormones including estrogens and progesterone. Estrogen controls the development of the mammary glands and uterus during puberty and stimulates the development of the uterine lining during the menstrual cycle. Progesterone acts on the uterus during pregnancy to allow the embryo to implant and develop in the womb.
At birth the ovaries contain anywhere from several hundred thousand to several million circular bundles of cells known as follicles. Each follicle surrounds and supports a single oocyte that has the ability to mature into an ovum, the female gamete. Despite this large number of potential ova, only around 4,000 oocytes survive to puberty and only 400 oocytes mature into ova in a woman’s lifetime. During each menstrual cycle around 10-20 follicles and their oocytes begin to develop under the influence of the pituitary hormone follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). Of these follicles, only one cell completes its development and becomes a mature ovum.
Around the middle of the menstrual cycle the mature ovum is released to the surface of the ovary. Fingerlike projections of the fallopian tubes, known as fimbriae, sweep the ovum from the surface of the ovary and into the fallopian tube to be transported to the uterus
APIS MELLIFICA  30- An important remedy for ovarian affections. Congestion in the right ovary causes soreness in the iguinal region with burning and stinging pain, swelling. If there is numbness down the thighs  this remedy is definitely indicated. It also useful in affections of the left ovary. Inflammation of the ovaries in childhood
AURUM IODIDE 30- It is a good remedy for ovarian cysts
AURUM MUR. NAT. 30- For the induration of the ovaries
ACONITUM NAPELLUS 30—Any complaint of ovaries after exposure  to dry cold wind
ALUMEN 30- Tumors of ovaries with obstinate constipation
BELLADONNA 30- Acute ovaritis. Throbbing pain appear and disappear suddenly and appear again
CALCAREA CARB 200- Polypi of uterus and ovaries. Cutting pain in the uterus during menstruation. Menses too early, too profuse , too long lasting with vertigo. Feet icy cold. For fat, flabby, fair persons . Craving for eggs.
COLOCYNTHIS 30- Ovarian neuralgia relieved by bending double. Cystic tumor
GRAPHITES 30- Swelling and induration of the left ovary with delayed menses . Pain in the right ovary
HAMAMELIS Q- Warm mother tincture applied over the ovarian region, relieves pain of ovaritis, instantly . It is also useful given orally in case of injuries to the ovary
IODUM 30 – Atrophy of ovaries. Ovaritis. Wedge like pain in the right ovarian region. Dwindling of mammary  glands
KALI BROM 200- Cystic tumors of the ovaries with increased sexual desire
LACHESIS 200- Pain in the left ovary, relieved by discharge from the uterus. Cannot bear tightness about the waist and loins. Tendency of the affection to move from left to right. Chronic enlargement of the ovaries. Tumor or cancer of the left ovary or both ovaries
LECITHINUM 3X- Ovaries inefficient or not working adequately. Four doses per day for eight weeks
MEDORRHINUM 1000- Pin in the ovaries, worse left side or it may move from ovary to ovary
OOPHORINUM 3X- Complaints following removal of ovaries. Ovarian cyst. Atrophy of ovaries
PALLADIUM MET 200- A good ovarian remedy for pain and inflammation. Pain and swelling in the right ovary. Cutting pain in the uterus, relieved after stool.Most indicated in proud ladies , who like flattery PHOSPHORUS 30- Polypi of ovaries with burning, worse lying on painful side and better by taking a cold bath
SABAL SERRULATA Q, ONOSMODIUM 30- Ovaries tender and small
SILICEA 200- Cyst in the vagina and ovaries with icy coldness of the whole body
STAPHYSAGRIA 30- Ovaritis due to masturbation
THUJA OCCIDENTALIS 200- Polypi of the ovaries. Ovaritis, worse left side, every menstrual period with profuse perspiration before menses
XANTOXYLUM A. 30- Neuralgia of the ovaries. Pain in the loins and lower abdomen, worse left side, extending to thighs

ZINCUM VAL. 30—Painful affection of the ovaries. Pain shoots down the limbs to the feet. Requires a long time to cure

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