Menopause is defined as occurring 12 months after your last menstrual period and marks the end of menstrual cycles. Menopause can happen in your 40s or 50s, but the average age is 51 in the United States.
Menopause is a natural biological process. Although it also ends fertility, you can stay healthy, vital and sexual. Some women feel relieved because they no longer need to worry about pregnancy.
Even so, the physical symptoms, such as hot flashes, and emotional symptoms of menopause may disrupt your sleep, lower your energy or — for some women — trigger anxiety or feelings of sadness and loss.
Cause- Menopause can result from:
·         Natural decline of reproductive hormones. As you approach your late 30s, your ovaries start making less estrogen and progesterone — the hormones that regulate menstruation — and your fertility declines.
In your 40s, your menstrual periods may become longer or shorter, heavier or lighter, and more or less frequent, until eventually — on average, by age 51 — you have no more periods.
·         Hysterectomy. A hysterectomy that removes your uterus but not your ovaries (partial hysterectomy) usually doesn't cause immediate menopause. Although you no longer have periods, your ovaries still release eggs and produce estrogen and progesterone.
But surgery that removes both your uterus and your ovaries (total hysterectomy and bilateral oophorectomy) does cause menopause, without any transitional phase. Your periods stop immediately, and you're likely to have hot flashes and other menopausal signs and symptoms, which can be severe, as these hormonal changes occur abruptly rather than over several years.
·         Chemotherapy and radiation therapy. These cancer therapies can induce menopause, causing symptoms such as hot flashes during or shortly after the course of treatment. The halt to menstruation (and fertility) is not always permanent following chemotherapy, so birth control measures may still be desired..
  • Primary ovarian insufficiency. About 1 percent of women experience menopause before age 40 (premature menopause). Menopause may result from primary ovarian insufficiency — when your ovaries fail to produce normal levels of reproductive hormones — stemming from genetic factors or autoimmune disease. But often no cause can be found. For these women, hormone therapy is typically recommended at least until the natural age of menopause in order to protect the brain, heart and bones.
Symptoms- In the months or years leading up to menopause (perimenopause), you might experience these signs and symptoms:--Irregular periods,Vaginal dryness,Hot flashes, Night sweats,Sleep problems, Mood changes, Weight gain and slowed metabolism,Thinning hair and dry skin, Loss of breast fullness
It's possible, but very unusual, to menstruate every month right up to your last period. More likely, you'll experience some irregularity in your periods.
Skipping periods during perimenopause is common and expected. Often, menstrual periods will occur every two to four months during perimenopause, especially one to two years before menopause. Despite irregular periods, pregnancy is possible. If you've skipped a period but aren't sure you've started the menopausal transition, you may want to determine whether you're pregnant.
As the controversy regarding the use of hormones for treating Menopause deepens, the need for a completely harmless treatment becomes stronger than ever. Talking about safety, the Homeopathy provides natural ways to treat menopause and  is completely safe with zero side effects. The natural Homeopathic medicines are of great help in dealing with various symptoms experienced by women  during Menopause.
LACHESIS—200—CM-- Lachesis is one of the best l homeopathic remedies for menopause. Lachesis is the ideal remedy for extreme heat flushes during Menopause. The woman cannot bear tight clothing mainly around neck or waist. Lachesis can also control the headache accompanied by heat. The next sphere where Lachesis works wonders is mental depression during Menopause. The key symptom arising out of depression is an aversion to social interaction. Such a woman wants to run away from the world. She doesn’t want to do any business and lacks interest in daily routine work.
SEPIA  200- CM—Sepia is the top remedy for treating menopause  For women requiring Sepia, a change in temperament requires a special mention. From being calm and gentle before Menopause, she becomes very irritable and is not able to show affection towards family members. The feeling of sadness, with no desire to meet friends and no interest in daily activities, makes her feel worse. She feels easily tired. Flushes of heat (sensation of heat) in various parts of the body, which may also be associated with excessive perspiration, are common. She has an aversion to sex, and may experience a dragging or bearing down sensation in the uterus, feeling as if she has to cross her legs to hold it in. Backaches are often part of the symptom pattern. Homeopathic remedy Sepia can work wonders, making this transition through Menopause a comfortable one and bringing back the vivacious woman in her.

AMYLOSUM NITROSUM  200- Amylosum Nitrosum is an excellent  Homeopathic medicine for women in menopausal stage with heat flushes followed by profuse sweating. She desires cool air. The flushes can be accompanied by palpitations of heart. Amylenum Nitrosum can also relieve the headache with a marked congestion in head. Such women with a headache feel that the head would burst out due to pain and congestion.
IGNATIA 200-CM-- Ignatia is the most efficient  Homeopathic medicine for coping with depression and mood variations during Menopause. Women with extreme sadness and weeping tendencies can greatly benefit from Homeopathic remedy Ignatia. Such women cut themselves off from society and do not wish to talk to anybody. They want to be left alone all the time. Homeopathic medicine Ignatia can also best control the mood changes during Menopause. The woman needing Ignatia has sudden changes in her mood. The mood shifts rapidly from happiness to sadness without any apparent cause. Here, natural Homeopathic remedy Ignatia definitely helps in providing mental stability
GRAPHITES  200—CM-- Graphites is another very useful  Homeopathic medicine   for menopausal sufferings. The main sphere for the use of Graphites is that it helps in controlling obesity during Menopause. It suits women who have been through the worst kind of constipation till now. The woman has a marked sensitivity to cold air. Mentally she remains sad and cannot make decisions easily. Such women feel melancholic and hopeless. They may begin to weep on even listening to music
VALERIANA  Q – Sleep disturbances. Sleepless with nocturnal itching and muscular spasms

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