Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common disorder that affects the large intestine (colon). Irritable bowel syndrome commonly causes cramping, abdominal pain, bloating, gas, diarrhea and constipation. IBS is a chronic condition that you will need to manage long term.
Even though signs and symptoms are uncomfortable, IBS — unlike ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, which are forms of inflammatory bowel disease — doesn't cause changes in bowel tissue or increase your risk of colorectal cancer.
Only a small number of people with irritable bowel syndrome have severe signs and symptoms. Some people can control their symptoms by managing diet, lifestyle and stress. Others will need medication and counseling
Cause-It's not known exactly what causes irritable bowel syndrome, but a variety of factors play a role. The walls of the intestines are lined with layers of muscle that contract and relax in a coordinated rhythm as they move food from your stomach through your intestinal tract to your rectum. If you have irritable bowel syndrome, the contractions may be stronger and last longer than normal, causing gas, bloating and diarrhea. Or the opposite may occur, with weak intestinal contractions slowing food passage and leading to hard, dry stools.
Abnormalities in your gastrointestinal nervous system also may play a role, causing you to experience greater than normal discomfort when your abdomen stretches from gas or stool. Poorly coordinated signals between the brain and the intestines can make your body overreact to the changes that normally occur in the digestive process. This overreaction can cause pain, diarrhea or constipation.
Symptoms--The signs and symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome can vary widely from person to person and often resemble those of other diseases. Among the most common are:
·         Abdominal pain or cramping
·         A bloated feeling
·         Gas
·         Diarrhea or constipation — sometimes alternating bouts of constipation and diarrhea
·         Mucus in the stool
For most people, IBS is a chronic condition, although there will likely be times when the signs and symptoms are worse and times when they improve or even disappear completely
ARGENTUM NITRICUM  6—Great distension of the stomach with much flatulence. The stool is green, like chopped spinach. Diarrhea immediately after eating or drinking. Loose motions made much worse by anxiety or fear. Anticipation of an ordeal , such as an exam  or interview , may produce the symptoms
ANTIMONIUM CRUDUM 30—Diarrhea alternates with constipation. The stool is slimy with much mucus , but also contains hard lumps. Tongue coated thick white. Craving for acids and pickles
COLOCYNTHIS  30- Painful area just below the navel. The stool is loose and like jelly. Severe colic pains in the abdomen are relieved by bending double and pressing on the abdomen, or from local warmth, such as a hot water bottle
GELSEMIUM 30—Diarrhea from emotional excitement , fright, and bad news. Stool painless and involuntary
MERC COR  6—Great urge to pass stool, even immediately after defaecation. The stool is hot , bloody, slimy and offensive. The abdomen feels bruised , and is bloated and very painful  to the slightest pressure
SULPHUR  6—Morning diarrhea drives the patient out of bed . The abdomen is very sensitive to pressure and colic occurs after drinking
CARBO VEG  3—Constipation and diarrhea alternate. Abdomen feels bloated immediately after eating

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