Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs or pockets within or on the surface of an ovary. Women have two ovaries — each about the size and shape of an almond — located on each side of the uterus. Eggs (ova) develop and mature in the ovaries and are released in monthly cycles during your childbearing years.
Many women have ovarian cysts at some time during their lives. Most ovarian cysts present little or no discomfort and are harmless. The majority of ovarian cysts disappear without treatment within a few months.
However, ovarian cysts — especially those that have ruptured — sometimes produce serious symptoms. The best ways to protect your health are to know the symptoms that may signal a more significant problem and to schedule regular pelvic examinations.
Causes-Most ovarian cysts develop as a result of the normal function of your menstrual cycle. These are known as functional cysts. Other types of cysts are much less common.
Functional cysts
Your ovaries normally grow cyst-like structures called follicles each month. Follicles produce the hormones estrogen and progesterone and release an egg when you ovulate. Sometimes a normal monthly follicle keeps growing. When that happens, it is known as a functional cyst. There are two types of functional cysts:
·         Follicular cyst. Around the midpoint of your menstrual cycle, an egg bursts out of its follicle and travels down the fallopian tube in search of sperm and fertilization. A follicular cyst begins when something goes wrong and the follicle doesn't rupture or release its egg. Instead it grows and turns into a cyst.
·         Corpus luteum cyst. When a follicle releases its egg, the ruptured follicle begins producing large quantities of estrogen and progesterone for conception. This follicle is now called the corpus luteum. Sometimes, however, the escape opening of the egg seals off and fluid accumulates inside the follicle, causing the corpus luteum to expand into a cyst.
·         The fertility drug clomiphene (Clomid, Serophene), which is used to induce ovulation, increases the risk of a corpus luteum cyst developing after ovulation. These cysts don't prevent or threaten a resulting pregnancy.
Functional cysts are usually harmless, rarely cause pain, and often disappear on their own within two or three menstrual cycles.
Other cysts
Some types of cysts are not related to the normal function of your menstrual cycle. These cysts include:
·         Dermoid cysts. These cysts may contain tissue, such as hair, skin or teeth, because they form from cells that produce human eggs. They are rarely cancerous.
·         Cystadenomas. These cysts develop from ovarian tissue and may be filled with a watery liquid or a mucous material.
·         Endometriomas. These cysts develop as a result of endometriosis, a condition in which uterine endometrial cells grow outside your uterus. Some of that tissue may attach to your ovary and form a growth.
Dermoid cysts and cystadenomas can become large, causing the ovary to move out of its usual position in the pelvis. This increases the chance of painful twisting of your ovary, called ovarian torsion.
Symptoms--Most cysts don't cause any symptoms and go away on their own. A large ovarian cyst can cause abdominal discomfort. If a large cyst presses on your bladder, you may feel the need to urinate more frequently because bladder capacity is reduced.
The signs and symptoms of ovarian cysts, if present, may include:
·         Pelvic pain — a dull ache that may radiate to your lower back and thighs
·         Pelvic pain shortly before your period begins or just before it ends
·         Pelvic pain during intercourse (dyspareunia)
·         Pain during bowel movements or pressure on your bowels
·         Nausea, vomiting or breast tenderness like that experienced during pregnancy
·         Fullness or heaviness in your abdomen
·         Pressure on your bladder that causes you to urinate more frequently or have difficulty emptying your bladder completely
Complications-Some women develop less common types of cysts that may not produce symptoms, but that a doctor may find during a pelvic exam. Cystic ovarian masses that develop after menopause may be cancerous (malignant). That's why it's important to have regular pelvic exams.
Infrequent complications associated with ovarian cysts include:
·         Ovarian torsion. Cysts that become large may cause the ovary to move out of its usual position in the pelvis. This increases the chance of painful twisting of your ovary, called ovarian torsion.
·         Rupture. A cyst that ruptures may cause severe pain and lead to internal bleeding.
Well selected Homoeopathic remedies are very effective for the treatment of ovarian cysts.

APIS MELLIFICA 3X—Apis mel is one of the top remedies for ovarian cyst, especially right ovary. There  is soreness and stinging pain with ovaritis. The ovaries numb or congested with suppressed menses. Menses painful with scanty discharge of slimy blood with or with ovarian pain with numbness down the thigh. The woman have a bearing down feeling as if menses were to appear.

LACHESIS 200- Lachesis is also effective for ovarian cyst , especially left ovary. There is pain in the ovary which is better from a discharge from the uterus. The pain the left ovary extends to the right one. There is uterine and ovarian pain , all relieved by the flow. The patient is highly sensitive , cannot tolerated the touch of clothes around waist. Lachesis person is nervous and talkative.

THUJA OCCIDENTALIS 200- Thuja occ is excellent for ovarian cyst , especially left side. There is inflammation of left ovary with severe pain , at every menstrual period.The menses is scanty or retarded, too early or too short.

COLOCYNTHIS 30-Colocynthis best for ovarian cyst where there is round , small cystic tumors in ovaries or broad ligaments. There is boring pain in ovary. The patient must bend double with great restlessness. Ovarian cyst with pain better flexing thigh or pelvis.The menses is painful.

KALI BROMATUM 30-Kali bromatum is another remedy for ovarian cust. There is ovarian neuralgia with great nervous uneasiness from ungratified sexual desire. Aversion to sex.

LYCOPODIUM CLAVATUM 200-Lycopodium clavatum is affective for right sided ovarian cyst. There is cutting pain from right ovary to left. Menses of clots and sereum. The woman complaints of flatulence and weak digestion. There is a special craving for hot food and drinks and sweets.

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