Almost everyone has sore, aching muscles now and then. Muscle pain can involve a small area or your whole body, ranging from mild to excruciating.
Although most muscle aches and pains go away on their own within a short time, sometimes muscle pain can linger for months. Muscle pain can develop almost anywhere in your body, including your neck, back, legs and even your hands.
Causes -- The most common causes of muscle pain are tension, stress, overuse and minor injuries. This type of pain is usually localized, affecting just a few muscles or a small part of your body.
Systemic muscle pain — pain throughout your whole body — is more often the result of an infection, an illness or a side effect of a medication.
Common causes of muscle pain include:
·         Chronic exertional compartment syndrome
·         Chronic fatigue syndrome
·          Claudication
·         Dermatomyositis
·         Dystonia
·         Fibromyalgia
·         Hypothyroidism
·         Influenza
·         Lupus
·         Lyme disease  
·         Medications, especially the cholesterol medications known as statin
·         Muscle cramp  
·         Myofascial pain syndrome
·         Polymyalgia rheumatic
·         Polymyositis
·         Repetitive strain injuries
·         Rheumatoid arthritis
·         Rocky mountain spotted fever
Homoeopathic remedies are effective for muscle pain. Some of the important remedies are given below--

ARNICA MONTANA 30-Arnica mon. is effective for back muscles pain   for patients whose back muscles started to hurt after an injury caused by blunt instruments. Arnica Montana is also of great help for patients complaining of excessive muscle soreness of back and bruised pain in back. The pain gets worse by touching and being in motion.

ARSENIC ALBUM 30-- Arsenicum Album is effective in treating pain in calf muscles which is spasmodic, burning and cramping, and when the patient gets relief from warm applications on the calf muscle.

BRYONIA ALB 30-Bryonia alb is an effective remedy for  treating excessive pain and stiffness of lower back muscles,and it is better from rest and worse from slightest motion or walking.

COLOCYNTHIS 30--Colocynthis is an ideal remedy  for treatment of pain in thigh muscles. The  patients  complain of pain in thigh muscles, especially of the right side, with a contracted feeling in thigh and worsening of pain by motion.

FERRUM METALLICUM 30-Ferrum met.is an excellent remedy for   deltoid pain of left side which is of drawing, tearing nature and gets worse when lying on the bed and by raising the arm.

 NUX MOSCHATA 30--Nux moschata is prescribed for deltoid muscle pain where there  are pain in left deltoid muscle which gets worse in cold air and is always better in warm surroundings.


ACTEA RACEMOSA 30- Actaea Racemosa is effective  of excessive pain, muscular soreness and stiffness in the neck region, especially after using arms for typewriting, using the keyboard or playing the piano.

RANUNCULUS BULBOSUS 30—Ranunculus bulbosus is effective for neck pain due to excessive typewriting and piano playing. The patient   complain of a stitching kind of pain along with a burning sensation in the neck .

GELSEMIUM SEMPERVIRENS 30- Gelsemium Sempervirens is  effective  for neck muscle pain and can be given to those patients who complain of pain in neck muscles and excessive muscle soreness along with headache. These patients want to lie down perfectly still to get relief.

 LACHNANTHES TINCTORIA  30- Lachnantes Tinctoria is prescribed for   neck muscle pain where  the pain is worse on   slightest movement and whose neck is excessively stiff and drawn to one side.

KALI CARBONICUM 30-Kali carb is best for   pain in muscles of lower back in which the prominent symptoms are stitching type of pains in back muscles with excessive weakness of back. It gets worse when resting and upon touching. The pain in the lower back muscles, may   extends in an upward or downward direction of the back or downwards to the thighs.

CAUSTICUM 200-Causticum is an effective  medicine for  pain in calf muscles, especially of the right side, and when the pain is of a tearing nature with muscle spasms and the calf muscle feels contracted with restlessness of legs at night. The pain in calf muscles  gets better by the heat of the bed.

CALCAREA CARB 30-Calcarea carb is best for calf muscle pain and it is prescribed  when  tearing, cramping pains in calf muscles with coldness of feet occurs.

RUTA GRAVEOLENS 30- Ruta Graveolens is  best for pain in thigh muscles  when the thigh muscle pain gets worse with stretching and muscles of back of thigh feels shortened.

PULSATILLA NIGRICANS 30- Pulsatilla Nigricans is an effective  remedy for pain of thigh muscles when the pain is of a drawing nature and constantly shifts from one part to the other. The   pain in thighs is accompanied by restlessness, making the patient sleepless.

HELONIAS 30-Helonias is an effective remedy for muscle pain of hard workers. It is prescribed where tired, sprained, burn and ache occurs in muscles.

RHAMNUS CAL. Q- Rhamnus cal is good for muscle pain. Legs sore, walked like a drunken man.

RHUS TOXICODENDRON 200- Rhus Toxicodendron is effective  for treating deltoid muscle pain and it is due to as a result  of overlifting, overstretching or overstraining of the affected upper limb. The patient also complains of pain in the shoulder and upper arm with excessive muscle stiffness. This muscle stiffness gets worse by taking rest and improves with the movement of upper limb of the affected side.Rhus tos is also effective for muscular pain of back muscles, which is worse from rest and better from movement.Back muscle pain overlifting, overstretching or overstraining the back muscles.

SAGUINARIA CANADENSIS 30--Sanguinaria Canadensis is an excellent medicine for  deltoid muscle pain when the right side deltoid is affected. Sanguinaria patients experiences severe  sharp pain in the right shoulder, especially at night. Along with deltoid pain there the patient have  excessive muscle soreness and stiffness in the right shoulder. The stitching pains make it difficult to even raise the arm. 

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