Moles are a common type of growth on the skin. They often appear as small, dark brown spots and are caused by clusters of pigmented cells. Moles generally appear during childhood and adolescence. Most people have 10 to 45 moles, almost all of which appear before age 40. Some moles may fade or disappear as you age.
Most moles are harmless. Rarely, they become cancerous. Monitoring moles and other pigmented patches is an important step in detecting skin cancer, especially malignant melanoma.
The medical term for moles is nevi.
Causes-Moles are caused when cells in the skin, called melanocytes, grow in clusters or clumps. Melanocytes are distributed throughout your skin and produce melanin, the natural pigment that gives your skin its color.
Symptoms-The typical mole is a brown spot. But moles come in a wide variety of colors, shapes and sizes:
Color and texture. Moles can be brown, tan, black, red, blue or pink. They can be smooth, wrinkled, flat or raised. They may have hair growing from them.
Shape. They can vary in shape from oval to round.
Size. Moles are usually less than 1/4 inch (about 6 millimeters) in diameter — the size of a pencil eraser. Rarely, moles present at birth can be much bigger, covering wide areas of the face, torso or a limb.
Moles can develop anywhere on your body, including your scalp, armpits, under your nails, and between your fingers and toes. Most people have 10 to 45 moles. Most of these develop by age 40. Moles may change in appearance over time — some may even disappear with age. Hormonal changes of adolescence and pregnancy may cause moles to become darker, larger and more numerous.
Unusual moles that may indicate melanoma
This ABCDE guide can help you determine if a mole or a spot may be melanoma:
A is for asymmetrical shape. One half is unlike the other half.
B is for border. Look for moles with irregular, notched or scalloped borders.
C is for color. Look for growths that have changed color, have many colors or have uneven color.
D is for diameter. Look for new growth in amole larger than 1/4 inch (about 6 millimeters).
E is for evolving. Watch for moles that change in size, shape, color or height, especially if part or all of a mole turns black.
Cancerous (malignant) moles vary greatly in appearance. Some may show all of the features listed above. Others may have only one or two.
COMPLICATIONS-Melanoma is the main complication of moles. Some people have a higher than average risk of their moles becoming cancerous and developing into melanoma. Factors that increase your risk of melanoma include:
Being born with large moles. These types of moles are called congenital nevi. On an infant, such moles are classified as large if they're more than 2 inches (5 centimeters) in diameter. Even a large mole seldom becomes cancerous and almost never before the child reaches puberty.
Having unusual moles. Moles that are bigger than a common mole and irregular in shape are known as atypical (dysplastic) nevi. They tend to be hereditary. And they often have dark brown centers and lighter, uneven borders.
Having many moles. Having more than 50 ordinary moles on your body indicates an increased risk of melanoma. Two recent studies add to the evidence that the number of your moles predict cancer risk. One showed that people with 20 or more moles on their arms are at increased risk of melanoma. Another showed a relationship between the number of women's moles and breast cancer risk.
Having a family history of melanoma. Some types of atypical moles lead to a genetic form of melanoma
Homeopathic remedies are effective for curing moles safely with out any side effects. Some of the important remedies are given below--
THUJA OCCIDENTALIS 200-Start treatment with this remedy.  Thuja is effective  on moles that appear on the covered parts of the body.Thuja is effective for acquired moles. Thuja mother tincture can be applied externally.

PULSATILLA NIG. 30-- Pulsatilla is very effective for  moles   , especially in young girls, which are pale in colour and itch severely.

SULPHUR 200-Sulphur is prescribed  for smooth, moist, brown coloured moles,especially congenital moles  accompanied by very unhealthy skin, which suppurates easily.The person feels that the skin is denuded and sore to touch.

FLUORIC ACID 30—Fluoric acid is very effective for acquired moles, especially  in children with dry, cracked skin.

CONDURANGO 30-Cundurango is very effective for moles  which are especially smooth to touch.  

CARBOVEGETABILIS 30- Carbo Vegetabilis is effective for moles , especially spidery nevi, where the skin is moist.

PLATINA 200-Platina is one of the most useful Homeopathic medicines for moles of the spidery nevi type accompanied by pricking pain which provokes scratching.

PHOSPHORUS 200-Phosphorus is effective  for moles that are bluish in colour . Bluish spots, particularly on the chest and lower abdomen, are treated well with Homeopathic medicine Phosphorus.

CALCAREA CARB 200- Calcarea Carbonica is a great medicine for red, glistening moles which turn bluish with extreme coldness of the skin.

RADIUM BROMIDE 30-Radium bromide is an effective medicine for moles, used along with Thuja occ. There is severe itching and burning as fro a fire.

BELLIS PERENNIS Q-Bellis perennis is applied  externally for curing the moles.

SILICEA 200- Silicea is effective for removing the disposition to the formation of  moles.

LYCOPODIUM CLAVATUM 200-Lycopodium is another excellent remedy for removing moles. There is brown spots that is worse on left side of face and nose.


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