Dizziness is a term used to describe a range of sensations, such as feeling faint, woozy, weak or unsteady. Dizziness that creates the false sense that you or your surroundings are spinning or moving is called vertigo.
Dizziness is one of the more common reasons adults visit their doctors. Frequent dizzy spells or constant dizziness can significantly affect your life. But dizziness rarely signals a life-threatening condition.
Causes-- Dizziness has many possible causes, including inner ear disturbance, motion sickness and medication effects. Sometimes it's caused by an underlying health condition, such as poor circulation, infection or injury.
The way dizziness makes you feel and your triggers provide clues for possible causes. How long the dizziness lasts and any other symptoms you have also help pinpoint the cause.
Inner ear problems that cause dizziness (vertigo)
Your sense of balance depends on the combined input from the various parts of your sensory system. These include your:
Eyes, which help you determine where your body is in space and how it's moving
Sensory nerves, which send messages to your brain about body movements and positions
Inner ear, which houses sensors that help detect gravity and back-and-forth motion
Vertigo is the false sense that your surroundings are spinning or moving. With inner ear disorders, your brain receives signals from the inner ear that aren't consistent with what your eyes and sensory nerves are receiving. Vertigo is what results as your brain works to sort out the confusion.
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). This condition causes an intense and brief but false sense that you're spinning or moving. These episodes are triggered by a rapid change in head movement, such as when you turn over in bed, sit up or experience a blow to the head. BPPV is the most common cause of vertigo.
Infection. A viral infection of the vestibular nerve, called vestibular neuritis, can cause intense, constant vertigo. If you also have sudden hearing loss, you may have labyrinthitis.
Meniere's disease. This disease involves the excessive buildup of fluid in your inner ear. It's characterized by sudden episodes of vertigo lasting as long as several hours. You may also experience fluctuating hearing loss, ringing in the ear and the feeling of a plugged ear.
Migraine. People who experience migraines may have episodes of vertigo or other types of dizziness even when they're not having a severe headache. Such vertigo episodes can last minutes to hours and may be associated with headache as well as light and noise sensitivity.
Circulation problems that cause dizziness
You may feel dizzy, faint or off balance if your heart isn't pumping enough blood to your brain. Causes include:
Drop in blood pressure. A dramatic drop in your systolic blood pressure — the higher number in your blood pressure reading — may result in brief lightheadedness or a feeling of faintness. It can occur after sitting up or standing too quickly. This condition is also called orthostatic hypotension.
Poor blood circulation. Conditions such as cardiomyopathy, heart attack, heart arrhythmia and transient ischemic attack could cause dizziness. And a decrease in blood volume may cause inadequate blood flow to your brain or inner ear.

Other causes of dizziness
Neurological conditions. Some neurological disorders — such as Parkinson's disease and multiple sclerosis — can lead to progressive loss of balance.
Medications. Dizziness can be a side effect of certain medications — such as anti-seizure drugs, antidepressants, sedatives and tranquilizers. In particular, blood pressure lowering medications may cause faintness if they lower your blood pressure too much.
Anxiety disorders. Certain anxiety disorders may cause lightheadedness or a woozy feeling often referred to as dizziness. These include panic attacks and a fear of leaving home or being in large, open spaces (agoraphobia)
Low iron levels (anemia). Other signs and symptoms that may occur along with dizziness if you have anemia include fatigue, weakness and pale skin.
Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). This condition generally occurs in people with diabetes who use insulin. Dizziness (lightheadedness) may be accompanied by sweating and anxiety.
Overheating and dehydration. If you're active in hot weather, or if you don't drink enough fluids, you may feel dizzy from overheating (hyperthermia) or from dehydration. This is especially true if you take certain heart medications

Homoeopathic medicines are very effective for controlling and curing  dizziness or vertigo. Some of the important remedies are given below-

BELLADONNA  200-- Belladona is a leading Homeopathic medicine for treating dizziness and vertigo when the condition worsens with every change of position. The person may show the tendency to fall to the left side or backwards. Vertigo can also be accompanied by an acute headache and the patient usually gets some relief by applying pressure or binding the head. The body may also experience excessive heat. Homeopathic medicine Belladona is extremely beneficial for treating acute vertigo. Belladonna is effective for vertigo due to cervical spondylitis.
CYCLAMEN 30- Cyclamen is an effective medicine for vertigo due to visual disturbance.  Cyclamen can be used when a person feels spots of varying colours floating before the eyes, dimness of vision or double vision with Vertigo. The person feels as if the surrounding objects are revolving in a circular manner. Most of the time, the patient complains of worsening of symptoms in open air and comparatively feels better in a room.
GELSEMIUM   200--Gelsemium is the top Homeopathic medicine for treating vertigo when extreme dizziness is linked with dim vision and heaviness of eyelids. Vertigo may pose a difficulty in walking with a loss of balance. Gelsemium is one of best natural remedies for dizziness when the patient feels extreme vertigo with dim vision and heavy eyelids. Gelsemium is effective for vertigo due to cervical spondylitis.
CHINA  30—China is another best  Homeopathic medicine for vertigo  patients after loss of blood or after loss of fluids as in diarrhea. Vertigo due to anemia is best cured with the use of this Homeopathic medicine. If you feel very weak, dizzy and walking too is proving to be very difficult, Homeopathic remedy China will help in compensating the loss of body fluids and treating vertigo.

AMBRA GRESIA   30—Ambra gresia is effective for Vertigo of old people  due to any cause. Has to lie down  to avoid vertigo. There is weakness in head and stomach with vertigo.
BRYONIA ALBA 30—Bryonia alb is affective for vertigo when vertigo  appears on the movement of the head or changing the position of the head. It  is short-lived, varying from a few seconds to a minute.   The Vertigo improves when the head is in an absolute rest position without even the slightest motion

CONIUM MACULATUM 200- Conium is usually suitable for elderly people who experience vertigo. The motion of head sideways worsens the condition. The person feels as if he is moving around in a circle. Vertigo may also get aggravated from motion in bed.
COCCULUS INDICUS 200-Cocculus Indicus is effective for vertigo  when the Vertigo is accompanied by nausea and vomiting. Vertigo accompanied by nausea during travelling can be very effectively treated with this  medicine.

PHOSPHORIC ACID 30---Phosphoric acid is effective for vertigo resulting from cervical spondylosis . It is prescribed  when the Vertigo is worse while walking or standing along with Cervical Spondylosis
CHENOPODIUM 30--Chenopodium is an effective medicine for treating Vertigo in Meniere’s Disease. It is prescribed when the  persons who complain of sudden episodes of Vertigo with noises in ear. The noises are mostly buzzing in character. This is accompanied by decreased hearing power for sounds of low pitch.
CHINIUM SULPH 3X-- Chininum Sulph is effective for vertigo due to Meniere’s disease . Vertigo with horrible noises in ear. The noises can be buzzing, ringing or roaring in nature. The person has difficulty in standing and frequently falls down.

PHOSPHORUS 30- Phosphorus is also a useful remedy for vertigo due to Meniere’s disease. Phosphorus is mainly prescribed when the Vertigo gets worse upon rising from a sitting position, rising from stooping or from bed. The person also complains that voices re-echo in the ear with difficulty in hearing.

SILICEA 200-Silicea is the best Homeopathic medicine for Vertigo due to ear infection.  The Vertigo is accompanied by an offensive pus-like discharge from the ear. Excessive perspiration on the head may also be present . Vertigo gets better by keeping the head warm by wrapping.

PETROLEUM 30--Petroleum is effective  when the Vertigo is accompanied by nausea and vomiting, or the person complains of worsening of Vertigo upon rising. Vertigo is felt in the back of the head.

PULSATILLA NIG 30-- Pulsatilla is another best Homeopathic medicine for Vertigo with ear troubles. Pulsatilla is prescribed    where the ear literally loses its function with vertigo. There are thick discharges from the ear. Usually the Vertigo gets better in open air.

THERIDION  30—Theridion is used when vertigo occurs  on least noise and on closing the eyes.There is nausea and vomiting along with vertigo.

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