Menstrual cramps (dysmenorrhea) are throbbing or cramping pains in the lower abdomen. Many women experience menstrual cramps just before and during their menstrual periods.
For some women, the discomfort is merely annoying. For others, menstrual cramps can be severe enough to interfere with everyday activities for a few days every month.
Menstrual cramps may be caused by identifiable problems, such as endometriosis or uterine fibroids. Treating any underlying cause is key to reducing the pain. Menstrual cramps that aren't caused by an underlying condition tend to lessen with age and often improve once a woman has given birth.
Causes--During your menstrual period, your uterus contracts to help expel its lining. Hormone-like substances (prostaglandins) involved in pain and inflammation trigger the uterine muscle contractions. Higher levels of prostaglandins are associated with more-severe menstrual cramps.
Severe contractions may constrict the blood vessels feeding the uterus. The resulting pain can be compared to the chest pain that occurs when blocked blood vessels starve portions of the heart of food and oxygen.
Menstrual cramps may also be caused by:
·         Endometriosis. In this painful condition, the tissue that lines your uterus becomes implanted outside your uterus, most commonly on your fallopian tubes, ovaries or the tissue lining your pelvis.
·         Uterine fibroids. These noncancerous growths in the wall of the uterus may be the cause of pain.
·         Adenomyosis. In this condition, the tissue that lines your uterus begins to grow into the muscular walls of the uterus.
·         Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). This infection of the female reproductive organs is usually caused by sexually transmitted bacteria.
·         Cervical stenosis. In some women, the opening of the cervix may be so small that it impedes menstrual flow, causing a painful increase of pressure within the uterus.
Symptoms-Symptoms of menstrual cramps include:--Throbbing or cramping pain in your lower abdomen that may be intense,Dull, constant ache, Pain that radiates to your lower back and thighs
Some women also experience:--Nausea, Loose stools, Headache, Dizziness
ABROMA RADIX  Q—A specific remedy for dysmenorrheal. 10 drops in water from the first day of menses for 7 days continuously for cure. If it is not cured repeat it 2 days before the next period
BELLADONNA 200—Cutting pain from hip to hip . Pain precedes flow. Pain comes suddenly and cease suddenly. Sensation as if everything would come out through the vulva . Better from sitting erect.
CHAMOMILLA Q—Membranous dysmenorrhea , especially at puberty. From anger or emotions.With great impressionability and fretfulness
CIMCIFUGA RACEMOSA 3X—Pin during and before menses . Menses irregular, too soon or too late. The more the flow greater the pain. The patient is nervous , restless and melancholy. Menstrual colic before menses which appear too soon
MAGNESIUM PHOS 200- An excellent remedy for menstrual colic. Pain radiating from  during or preceding  flow . Menses too early , dark, stringy, tarry, flowing at night leaving astain . Vaginismus , ovarian neuralgia worse on right side. Better from external application of heat.
DAMIANA Q—A specific remedy for menstrual colic
PUSATILLA NIGRICANS  3X- Painful menses in mild girls with weeping tendencies . Pain stops when the flow starts. Flow is scanty, black and clotted
SABINA 30—A top remedy for menstrual colic. Menses too profuse, too early, bright , blood mixed with dark clots. Pain from sacrum to pubis and from below upwards. Shooting pain up the vagina. Hemorrhage partly fluid , partly clotted and offensive. Discharge blood between periods with sexual excitement. Dysmenorrhea better lying flat on the back with limbs extended.
VIBURUNUM OPULUS Q- For spasmodic and membranous dysmenrrhea. Excruciating cramps in pelvis. Menses too late , scanty, lasting a few hours. Offensive odor with crampy pains extend down thighs . Bearing down before  menses. Sudden coliky pain in lower abdomen which is unbearable

ALERTRIS FARINOSA Q—Premature and frofuse menses with labor like pain. Great weakness. The patient is constipated.

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