Amenorrhea  is the absence of menstruation — one or more missed menstrual periods. Women who have missed at least three menstrual periods in a row have amenorrhea, as do girls who haven't begun menstruation by age 15.
The most common cause of amenorrhea is pregnancy. Other causes of amenorrhea include problems with the reproductive organs or with the glands that help regulate hormone levels. Treatment of the underlying condition often resolves amenorrhea.
Causes- Amenorrhea can occur for a variety of reasons. Some are normal during the course of a woman's life, while others may be a side effect of medication or a sign of a medical problem.

Natural amenorrhea

During the normal course of your life, you may experience amenorrhea for natural reasons, such as:     Pregnancy,  Breast-feeding    Menopause


Some women who take birth control pills may not have periods. Even after stopping oral contraceptives, it may take some time before regular ovulation and menstruation return. Contraceptives that are injected or implanted also may cause amenorrhea, as can some types of intrauterine devices.


Certain medications can cause menstrual periods to stop, including some types of:-  Antipsychotics,  Cancer chemotherap    Antidepressants, Blood pressure drugs    Allergy medications

Lifestyle factors

Sometimes lifestyle factors contribute to amenorrhea, for instance:
·         Low body weight. Excessively low body weight — about 10 percent under normal weight — interrupts many hormonal functions in your body, potentially halting ovulation. Women who have an eating disorder, such as anorexia or bulimia, often stop having periods because of these abnormal hormonal changes.
·         Excessive exercise. Women who participate in activities that require rigorous training, such as ballet, may find their menstrual cycles interrupted. Several factors combine to contribute to the loss of periods in athletes, including low body fat, stress and high energy expenditure.
·         Stress. Mental stress can temporarily alter the functioning of your hypothalamus — an area of your brain that controls the hormones that regulate your menstrual cycle. Ovulation and menstruation may stop as a result. Regular menstrual periods usually resume after your stress decreases.

Hormonal imbalance

Many types of medical problems can cause hormonal imbalance, including:
·         Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). PCOS causes relatively high and sustained levels of hormones, rather than the fluctuating levels seen in the normal menstrual cycle.
·         Thyroid malfunction. An overactive thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism) or underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism) can cause menstrual irregularities, including amenorrhea.
·         Pituitary tumor. A noncancerous (benign) tumor in your pituitary gland can interfere with the hormonal regulation of menstruation.
·         Premature menopause. Menopause usually begins around age 50. But, for some women, the ovarian supply of eggs diminishes before age 40, and menstruation stops.

Structural problems

Problems with the sexual organs themselves also can cause amenorrhea. Examples include:
·         Uterine scarring. Asherman's syndrome, a condition in which scar tissue builds up in the lining of the uterus, can sometimes occur after a dilation and curettage (D&C), cesarean section or treatment for uterine fibroids. Uterine scarring prevents the normal buildup and shedding of the uterine lining.
·         Lack of reproductive organs. Sometimes problems arise during fetal development that lead to a girl being born without some major part of her reproductive system, such as her uterus, cervix or vagina. Because her reproductive system didn't develop normally, she can't have menstrual cycles.
·         Structural abnormality of the vagina. An obstruction of the vagina may prevent visible menstrual bleeding. A membrane or wall may be present in the vagina that blocks the outflow of blood from the uterus and cervix.
Give  constitutional remedies along with the following remedies
PULSATILLA  Q- An excellent remedy for amenorrhea. When the menses do not appear at puberty, there may be no local or constitutional disease to account for the absence, especially in  blonde , mild tempered, impressionable subjects,  feels better in open air. Supression of menses  due to wetting the feet
CYCLAMEN 200—Supression of menses after excessive dancing or being overheated. Menses during day time only , ceases at night. In blonds who are sad, and depressed and who are worse in open air. With giddiness, headache and visual disturbaces
DAMIANA Q- Aids the establishment of normal menstrual flow in young girls
GOSSYPIUM Q- Suppressed menses due to uterine troubles. Sensation  that  the flow is about to start but it does not
SARACA INDICA Q- A uterine tonic. Headache due to suppression of menses. Amenorrhea  at puberty with pain in  head .
SEPIA 30- Amenorrhea accompanied by severe hysteric  headache, leucorrhea, toothache. Amenorrhea at puberty from cold in feeble women. Delicate constitution with yellowish spots on the face
SABINA  Q- Young girls having no menses for months together. One breast is smaller than the other
LYCOPODIUM 30—Menses suppressed for months by fear . Headache , sour vomiting, swelling of feet, fainting fits and leucorrhea. Young girls with non development of breasts and with absence of menses
FERRUM METALLICUM 30- Due to debility and anemia

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