Ichthyosis vulgaris  is an inherited skin disorder in which dead skin cells accumulate in thick, dry scales on your skin's surface.
The scales of ichthyosis vulgaris, sometimes called fish scale disease or fish skin disease, can be present at birth, but usually first appear during early childhood. Sometimes, mild cases of ichthyosis vulgaris go undiagnosed because they're mistaken for extremely dry skin.
Most cases of ichthyosis vulgaris are mild, but some are severe. Sometimes other skin diseases, such as the allergic skin condition eczema, are associated with ichthyosis vulgaris.
There are various types of ichthyosis , but Ichthyosis vulgaris is the most common and mild form. It is characterised by mild scaling and dryness of skin.
Causes--Ichthyosis vulgaris is commonly caused by a genetic mutation that's inherited from one or both parents. Children who inherit a defective gene from just one parent have a milder form of the disease. Those who inherit two defective genes have a more severe form of ichthyosis vulgaris. Children with the inherited form of the disorder usually have normal skin at birth, but develop scaling and roughness during the first few years of life.
If genetic abnormalities aren't responsible for ichthyosis, it's referred to as acquired ichthyosis. It's usually associated with other diseases, such as cancer, thyroid disease or HIV/AIDS.
Symptoms-Ichthyosis vulgaris slows your skin's natural shedding process. This causes chronic, excessive buildup of the protein in the upper layer of the skin (keratin). Symptoms include:
·         Dry, scaly skin
·         Tile-like, small scales
·         Scales colored white, dirty gray or brown — with darker-colored scales typically on darker skin
·         Flaky scalp
·         Deep, painful cracks in your skin
The scales usually appear on your elbows and lower legs and may be especially thick and dark over your shins. Most cases of ichthyosis vulgaris are mild, but some can be severe. The severity of symptoms may vary widely among family members who have the condition.
Symptoms usually worsen or are more pronounced in cold, dry environments and tend to improve or even resolve in warm, humid environments.
Complications--Some people with ichthyosis may experience:
Overheating. In rare cases, the skin thickness and scales of ichthyosis can interfere with sweating. This can inhibit cooling. In some people, excess sweating (hyperhidrosis) can occur.
Secondary infection. Skin splitting and cracking may lead to infections.

Homoeopathic remedies are found to be very effective for this condition . Some of the effective remedies are given below-

 ARSENIC IODIDATUM 30-Arsenic iodatum is one of the top remedies for Ichthyosis.There is  marked exfoliation of large scales from the skin that leave behind a raw surface. The  skin is  scaly with much itching .

HYDROCOTYLE ASIATICA 6-- Hydrocotyle asiatica is another effective medicine for Ichthyosis.There is  great thickening of epidermal layer and exfoliation of scales of the skin. Circular spots on the skin  with scaly edges.Another prescribing symptom is  intolerable itching , especially  of soles
PETROLEUM 30-Petroleum is prescribed  where the skin is rough, dry and thick, with the presence of cracks. The skin is very sensitive .

SEPIA 200-Sepia is very effective for ichthyosis . Sepia is prescribed for ichthyosis with offensive odour of skin. Severe itching which is not relieved by scratching. Worse in bends of elbows and knees

KALI SULPH 30 Kali Sulph is the best Homoeopathic medicine  for icthyosis with dry, flaky skin with prominent, yellow scales.

PLATANUS OCCIDENTALIS  30—Platanus occidentalis is prescribed for X linked ichthyosis with corneal opacity and cataract .

NATRUM CARB. 30-Natrum carb. is prescribed for Lamellar ichthyosis with photophobia

CLEMATIS ERECTA 30-Clematis erecta is prescribed when red, brown , scaly, scabby skin occurs.  There is intense itching ,  worse washing in cold water

ZINCUM METALLICUM 30-Zincum metallicum is effective for ichthyosis with corneal dystrophy.

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