Strep throat is a bacterial infection that can make your throat feel sore and scratchy. Strep throat accounts for only a small portion of sore throats.
If untreated, strep throat can cause complications, such as kidney inflammation or rheumatic fever. Rheumatic fever can lead to painful and inflamed joints, a specific type of rash or heart valve damage. Strep throat is most common in children, but it affects people of all ages.
The cause of strep throat is bacteria known as Streptococcus pyogenes, also known as group A streptococcus.
Streptococcal bacteria are highly contagious. They can spread through airborne droplets when someone with the infection coughs or sneezes, or through shared food or drinks. You can also pick up the bacteria from a doorknob or other surface and transfer them to your nose, mouth or eyes.
Signs and symptoms of strep throat can include:
· Throat pain that usually comes on quickly
· Painful swallowing
· Red and swollen tonsils, sometimes with white patches or streaks of pus
· Tiny red spots on the area at the back of the roof of the mouth (soft or hard palate)
· Swollen, tender lymph nodes in your neck
· Nausea or vomiting, especially in younger children
· Body aches
Several factors can increase your risk of strep throat infection:
· Young age. Strep throat occurs most commonly in children.
· Time of year. Although strep throat can occur anytime, it tends to circulate in late fall and early spring. Strep bacteria flourish wherever groups of people are in close contact.
Although strep throat isn't dangerous, it can lead to serious complications. Antibiotic treatment reduces the risk.
Spread of infection
Strep bacteria may spread, causing infection in:
· Middle ear
Strep infection may lead to inflammatory illnesses, including:
· Scarlet fever, a streptococcal infection characterized by a prominent rash
· Inflammation of the kidney (poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis)
· Rheumatic fever, a serious inflammatory condition that can affect the heart, joints, nervous system and skin
BELLADONNA 30-Belladonna is one of the top medicines for strep throat. It is mainly prescribed for strep throat with acute inflammation of throat. The throat is highly inflamed, swollen, and tonsils become enlarged. The throat is also very dry in such cases. Swallowing food and drinks is also very painful. High fever with intense body heat may be present along with the inflamed throat. Headache may accompany along with these symptoms.
HEPAR SULPH 30-When tonsils have pus points in strep throat infection cases, Homeopathic medicine Hepar Sulph is the most appropriate choice among Homeopathic medicines for strep throat. A plug-like or splinter-like sensation is felt in the throat. Along with this, loose, rattling cough may arise. Yellow coloured expectoration may attend the cough. Hepar Sulph is also a effective in treating peritonsilar abscess.
CAPSICUM 30- Capsicum is another effective remedy for strep throat and is suited for obese , weak persons, who are opposed to physical exertion , have an aversion to go outside of their routine, get homesick easily. There is burning pain in the throat worse when swallowing . Capsicum patients are chilly, have a tendency to suppurate easily and get recurrent infections. There is pain and dryness extending to ears . Capsicum patients are thirsty , but drinking causes shivering.
PHYTOLACCA DEC. 30-Phytolacca dec. is effective for strep throat when burning pain in throat is present. The throat is inflamed with heat and intense burning. The throat, tonsils and fauces are swollen and take on a dark, red/bluish appearance. The pain from the throat may extend to the ears. This pain may be specifically shooting in nature. Lump in the throat is also felt and may be accompanied by a constant desire to swallow.
MERCURIUS SOL 30-Merc sol is another excellent medicine for strep throat. Merc sol is prescribed when the throat is very sore and raw, and pain from the throat extends to the ear. Along with the throat related symptoms, the patient may experience excessive saliva as well. The cervical glands may also be swollen in such cases. Bad breath is another prescribing symptom of Merc sol.
STREPTOCOCCINUM 200-Streptococcinum is one of the most reliable and effective Homeopathic medicines for strep throat infection. It is recommended in acute as well as chronic strep throat infections. This medicine is capable of breaking the chain of recurrent strep throat infection by strengthening the immune system of persons who are susceptible. The classic symptoms calling for use of Streptococcinum in strep throat are red, swollen throat with painful, inflamed tonsils and swollen, enlarged nodes in the neck. It is also suitable for enlarged tonsils, peritonsilar abscess and weakness after streptococcal infection.