Swollen lymph nodes or glands  usually occur as a result of exposure to bacteria or viruses. When swollen lymph nodes are caused by an infection, this is known as lymphadenitis (lim-fad-uh-NIE-tis). Rarely, swollen lymph nodes are caused by cancer.
Your lymph nodes, also called lymph glands, play a vital role in your body's ability to fight off viruses, bacteria and other causes of illnesses. Common areas where you might notice swollen lymph nodes include your neck, under your chin, in your armpits and in your groin.
In some cases, the passage of time and warm compresses may be all you need to treat swollen lymph nodes. Treatment for lymphadenitis depends on the cause.
Cause-A lymph node is a small, round or bean-shaped cluster of cells covered by a capsule of connective tissue. The cells are a combination of lymphocytes — which produce protein particles that capture invaders, such as viruses — and macrophages, which break down the captured material. Lymphocytes and macrophages filter your lymphatic fluid as it travels through your body and protect you by destroying invaders.
Lymph nodes are located in groups, and each group drains a specific area of your body. You may be more likely to notice swelling in certain areas, such as in the lymph nodes in your neck, under your chin, in your armpits and in your groin. The site of the swollen lymph nodes may help identify the underlying cause.
The most common cause of swollen lymph nodes is an infection, particularly a viral infection, such as the common cold. However, there are other types of infections, including parasitic and bacterial, and other possible causes of swollen lymph nodes. They include:
Common infections
·         Strep throat
·         Measles
·         Ear infections
·         Infected (abscessed) tooth
·         Mononucleosis
·         Skin or wound infections, such as cellulitis or erysipelas
·         Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) — the virus that causes AIDS
Uncommon infections
·         Tuberculosis
·         Certain sexually transmitted infections, such as syphilis
·         Toxoplasmosis — a parasitic infection resulting from contact with the feces of an infected cat or eating undercooked meat
·         Cat scratch fever — a bacterial infection from a cat scratch or bite
Immune system disorders
·         Lupus — a chronic inflammatory disease that can target your joints, skin, kidneys, blood cells, heart and lungs
·         Rheumatoid arthritis — a chronic inflammatory disease that targets the tissue that lines your joints (synovium)
·         Lymphoma — cancer that originates in your lymphatic system
·         Leukemia — cancer of your body's blood-forming tissue, including your bone marrow and lymphatic system
·         Other cancers that have spread (metastasized ) to lymph nodes
Other possible, but rare causes include certain medications, such as the anti-seizure medication phenytoin (Dilantin), and preventive medications for malaria.
Symptoms-Swollen lymph nodes are a sign that something is wrong somewhere in your body. When your lymph nodes first swell, you might notice:
Tender and painful lymph nodes
Swollen lymph nodes that may be the size of a pea or kidney bean, or even larger
Depending on the cause of your swollen lymph nodes, other signs and symptoms you might have include:
Runny nose, sore throat, fever and other indications of an upper respiratory infection
General swelling of lymph nodes throughout your body — which may indicate an infection, such as HIV or mononucleosis, or an immune disorder, such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis
Swollen limb, possibly indicating lymph system blockage caused by swelling in a lymph node too far under your skin to feel
Hardened, fixed, rapidly growing nodes, indicating a possible tumor. Fever. Night sweats


CALCAREA IODIDE 30- Calcarea iodide is an excellent remedy for enlargement of glands. The peculiar symptom is there is hardness in glands

CALCAREA FLOUR 6x-- Calcarea flour is another top medicine for glandular swelling. There is indolent glandular enlargements of the cervical and lymphatic glands with hardness. Also there is enlargement of the bronchial and mesenteric glands, worse in damp weather and better from hot fomentations and rubbing.

CALCREA CARB 30- Calcarea carb is suitable to fat flabby persons , where the swelling of glands tend to suppurate. Another peculiar symptom for the selection of Calcarea carb is sweat on the head , which is sour and offensive

SCROPHULARIA NODOSA Q- Scrophularia is an excellent remedy for inflammation and suppuration of the glands. It is very effective for nodosities in the breasts

GRAPHITES 30- Graphites is very effective for enlargement of glands of axilla, groin and neck with skin symptoms. The abdomen is large and hard

BELLADONNA 30- Belladonna is a very effective remedy for glandular swelling threatening suppuration. They may be in the axillary region or swellings of the mammae which are heavy , red and sensitive. Another character is red streaks radiating from the inflamed gland with great heat and stitching pains

LAPIS ALBUS 30- Lapis albus covers various forms of growths. In this remedy the glands are enlarged with a certain amount of softness rather than stony hardness as in Calcarea flour. It is also effective for enlargement of mesenteric glands

IODUM 200- Iodum is one of the top remedies for the enlargement of glands, including tonsils, with withering of the entire body, the muscles shrink and all the skin wrinkles, except mammary glands which dwindle , all glands are enlarged

CARBO ANIMALIS 30- Carbo animalis is another excellent remedy for glandular swellings. The glands enlarge slowly and then they stay. They do not suppurate , nor do they enlarge much, they are hard.

ACONITUM LYCOTONUM 30-Aconitum lycotonum is useful for swelling of the cervical , axillary and mammary glands and even where Hodgkin’s disease has been suspected.

MERC IODIDE 30-Merc iodide  is useful for inflammation of glands with pain. They are hard and red . It follows Belladonna well.

AETHUSA 30-Aethusa is also effective for glandular swelling , where swelling of glands round neck like a string of beads.

PHYTOLACCA DEC. 30- Phytolacca dec. is very effective for glandular swelling with heat and inflammation. It is useful for tumors of breast with enlarged axillary glands.

GELSEMIUM 200-Gelsemium is also useful for enlargement and inflammation of lymphatic gland with fever without thirst coming at 10 and 11 am and completely subsiding by evening. Cerebral symptoms such as distression in head, vertigo etc may be present.

BROMIUM 30- Bromium is one of the top remedies for glandular swelling. Hardness of glands without tendency to suppurate. Useful for swelling of testicles.

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