Uterine fibroids are noncancerous growths of the uterus that often appear during childbearing years. Also called leiomyomas or myomas, uterine fibroids aren't associated with an increased risk of uterine cancer and almost never develop into cancer.
Fibroids range in size from seedlings, undetectable by the human eye, to bulky masses that can distort and enlarge the uterus. You can have a single fibroid or multiple ones. In extreme cases, multiple fibroids can expand the uterus so much that it reaches the rib cage.
Many women have uterine fibroids sometime during their lives. But most women don't know they have uterine fibroids because they often cause no symptoms
Fibroids usually don't interfere with getting pregnant. However, it's possible that fibroids — especially submucosal fibroids — could cause infertility or pregnancy loss. Fibroids may also raise the risk of certain pregnancy complications, such as placental abruption, fetal growth restriction and preterm delivery.
Causes--Doctors don't know the cause of uterine fibroids, but research and clinical experience point to these factors:
Genetic changes. Many fibroids contain changes in genes that differ from those in normal uterine muscle cells.
Hormones. Estrogen and progesterone, two hormones that stimulate development of the uterine lining during each menstrual cycle in preparation for pregnancy, appear to promote the growth of fibroids. Fibroids contain more estrogen and progesterone receptors than normal uterine muscle cells do. Fibroids tend to shrink after menopause due to a decrease in hormone production.
Other growth factors. Substances that help the body maintain tissues, such as insulin-like growth factor, may affect fibroid growth.
Doctors believe that uterine fibroids develop from a stem cell in the smooth muscular tissue of the uterus (myometrium). A single cell divides repeatedly, eventually creating a firm, rubbery mass distinct from nearby tissue.
The growth patterns of uterine fibroids vary — they may grow slowly or rapidly, or they may remain the same size. Some fibroids go through growth spurts, and some may shrink on their own. Many fibroids that have been present during pregnancy shrink or disappear after pregnancy, as the uterus goes back to a normal size.
Symptoms--Many women who have fibroids don't have any symptoms. In those that do, symptoms can be influenced by the location, size and number of fibroids. In women who have symptoms, the most common symptoms of uterine fibroids include:
· Heavy menstrual bleeding
· Menstrual periods lasting more than a week
· Pelvic pressure or pain
· Frequent urination
· Difficulty emptying the bladder
· Backache or leg pains
Rarely, a fibroid can cause acute pain when it outgrows its blood supply, and begins to die.
Fibroids are generally classified by their location. Intramural fibroids grow within the muscular uterine wall. Submucosal fibroids bulge into the uterine cavity. Subserosal fibroids project to the outside of the uterus.
Risk factors--There are few known risk factors for uterine fibroids, other than being a woman of reproductive age. Other factors that can have an impact on fibroid development include:
Heredity. If your mother or sister had fibroids, you're at increased risk of developing them.
Race. Black women are more likely to have fibroids than women of other racial groups. In addition, black women have fibroids at younger ages, and they're also likely to have more or larger fibroids.
Environmental factors. Onset of menstruation at an early age; use of birth control; obesity; a vitamin D deficiency; having a diet higher in red meat and lower in green vegetables, fruit and dairy; and drinking alcohol, including beer, appear to increase your risk of developing fibroids.
Complications -- Although uterine fibroids usually aren't dangerous, they can cause discomfort and may lead to complications such as anemia from heavy blood loss
Homoeopathic remedies are effective for the treatment of uterine fibroids. Some of the important remedies are given below-
CALCAREA CARBONICA 200- Calcarea carb. is an excellent remedy for uterine fibroids.Calcarea carb is suited women who are overweight and flabby. It is prescribed when in women in whom the menses last for long a duration and the flow is profuse.The excessive flow of menses may result in infertility.The patient feel an extreme chill and their feet remain excessively cold during the bleeding from uterus. The patient have a peculiar craving for eggs.
CALCAREA IODIDE 30- Calcarea iodide is considered a specific remedy for fibroids.
THLASPI BURSA PASTORIS 3X—Thlaspi bursa is one of the top remedies for uterine fibroids.Thlaspi is prescribed in the cases where in the menses appear very frequently , and at short intervals. The patient has not yet recovered from one period and the next period starts. There is severe cramping pain in uterus and back during menses.
FRAXINUS AMERICANA Q- Fraxinus Americana is another top remedy for uterine fibroids and is prescribed when excessive bearing down sensation occurs accompanying the menstrual bleeding.
TRILLIUM PENDULUM 3X-Trillium pendulum is prescribed for fibroids where the excessive bleeding from the uterus is accompanied by fainting spells.The blood is bright red in colour.
CALCAREA FLOUR 6X—Calcarea flour is best for treating uterine fibroids that are very hard and large in size.
FERRUM METALLICUM 30-Ferrum met is best for treating excessive bleeding from uterus due to fibroids. There is a flow of pale and watery blood from the uterus.
IPECACUANHA 30—Ipeca is effective for treating excessive bleeding from uterus due to fibroids. There is profuse flow of bright red blood from the uterus with persistent nauseating feeling.
KALI CARBONICUM 30—Kali carb is best for uterine fibroids where bleeding from the uterus continues to take place for too long a period and the blood is corroding or acrid in nature.There is severe backache during bleeding from the uterus, which gets better by sitting or pressure.
AMMONIUM CARBONICUM 30-Ammonium is effective for the treatment of uterine fibroids where there is excessive uterine bleeding and the blood is profuse, black and clotted. There is severe pain in thighs with a feeling of extreme fatigue during bleeding.
SABINA 30-Sabina is best for treating uterine fibroids where bleeding in between menses occurs and the blood is partly fluid and partly clotted in nature. Bleeding occurs on least motion accompanied by sexual excitement.
HAMAMELIS VIRGINICA Q-Hamamelis for metrorrhagia in fibroid where slight straining or over exertion brings bleeding from the uterus. The blood is dark coloured and flows without any pain .