Back pain is one of the most common reasons people go to the doctor or miss work and a leading cause Back pain can come on suddenly and last less than six weeks (acute), which may be caused by a fall or heavy lifting. Back pain that lasts more than three months (chronic) is less common than acute pain.
Causes--Back pain often develops without a specific cause that your doctor can identify with a test or imaging study. Conditions commonly linked to back pain include:
Muscle or ligament strain. Repeated heavy lifting or a sudden awkward movement may strain back muscles and spinal ligaments. If you're in poor physical condition, constant strain on your back may cause painful muscle spasms.
Bulging or ruptured disks. Disks act as cushions between the bones (vertebrae) in your spine. The soft material inside a disk can bulge or rupture and press on a nerve. However, you can have a bulging or ruptured disk without back pain. Disk disease is often found incidentally when you undergo spine X-rays for some other reason.
Arthritis. Osteoarthritis can affect the lower back. In some cases arthritis in the spine can lead to a narrowing of the space around the spinal cord, a condition called spinal stenosis.
Skeletal irregularities. Back pain can occur if your spine curves abnormally. Scoliosis, a condition in which your spine curves to the side, also may lead to back pain, but generally only if the scoliosis is severe.
Osteoporosis. Your spine's vertebrae can develop compression fractures if your bones become porous and brittle
 of disability worldwide. Most people have back pain at least once.
Symptoms-- Signs and symptoms of back pain may include:
·        Muscle ache
·        Shooting or stabbing pain
·        Pain that radiates down your leg
·        Limited flexibility or range of motion of the back

Risk factors-- Anyone can develop back pain, even children and teens. Research has yet to prove what contributes to back pain. However, these factors might put you at greater risk of developing back pain:
Age. Back pain is more common as you get older, starting around age 30 or 40.
Lack of exercise. Weak, unused muscles in your back might lead to back pain.
Excess weight. Carrying too much weight puts extra stress on your back.
Diseases. Some types of arthritis and cancer can contribute to back pain.
Improper lifting. Using your back instead of your legs can lead to back pain.
Psychological conditions. People prone to depression and anxiety appear to have a greater risk of back pain.
Smoking. This can keep your body from delivering enough nutrients to the disks in your back.
Homoeopathic medicines for backache are effective and safe. Some of the top remedies are given below

RHUS TOXICODENDRON 30-—Rhus tox. is one of the top Homoeopathic medicines for both acute and chronic backache. Rhus tox is indicated in cases where the backache increases when you start to move and is relieved slowly after moving around. The pain aggravates after and during rest . It is prescribed when the backache is worst in morning on waking. .

KALI CARBONICUM 30--Kali carb is another top remedy for backache affected in the lower part of the back and extends down in to the back of legs and is worse in morning. It is usually seen in pregnant women and after delivery.   Prolonged walking causes backache and the patient has to rest after walking for few minutes.

BRYONIA ALBA 30-Bryonia is an effective remedy for back pain which is prescribed when the pain worse from slightest motion and better by rest and pressure or lying on a hard substance. There is stiffness of the back occurs.

AESCULUS HIPOCASTANUM  30-- Aesculus Hipocastinum is an effective remedy  for back pain in the lower region due to constipation and piles. It is also useful for backache after hard labour.  The pain is relieved by standing . Backache also occurs due to hard work. Person with backache requiring Aesculus cannot bend forward as it causes excruciating pain.

ARNICA MONTANA 30—Arnica is effective for back pain after over exertion, sprain, and injuries. There is great soreness and lameness in the back , back feels as if it was beaten with sticks.

COBALTUM 30- Cobaltum is prescribed when pain is experiencing in back and sacrum, which is worse while sitting and better by walking or lying. Pain from the lower back may radiate down the legs and feet .

COLOCYNTHIS 30-Colocynthis is one of the most effective Homeopathic medicines for backache due to lumbar spondylosis where pain from lower back radiates down the left leg. The pain may be cramp-like, shooting, drawing or tearing in nature. Pressure over painful area provides relief. Lying on the left side also helps to relieve the pain. In some cases, heat application on the leg brings relief. 

GNAPHALIUM POLYCEPHALUM 30--Gnaphalium Polycephalum is one of the most highly recommended Homeopathic medicines for backache  where symptoms include back pain radiating down the legs and numbness in legs. Resting on the back brings relief from back pain. Flexing the thigh on abdomen also provides relief.

HYPERICUM PERFORIATUM 30-Hypericum perf. is prescribed when nerve involvement occurs in back pain. Here the disc or the bony spurs impringe on the nerves and the pain radiates to the lower limbs. Hypericum per. can relieve the pain as well as the muscle spasm.There is violent pain and inability to walk or stoop after a fall on coccyx.

MAGNESIUM PHOS 30-- Magnesium phos is another effective remedy for back pain  where pain in the lower back radiates down the right leg . The pain radiating down the leg may vary from sharp, cutting, stabbing, lightening-like in nature. The pain appears intermittently or in paroxysms. Hard pressure or warm application over the painful part brings relief.

BERBERIS VULGARIS Q- Berberis vulgaris is effective for backache due to stones in the kidney and due to urinary troubles. Pain radiates in all directions with numbness . There pain and numbness in back during menses.

CIMCIFUGA RACEMOSA 30- Cimcifuga racemosa is effective for back pain due to uterine troubles. Spine very sensitive especially upper part. Stiffness and contraction in neck and back. Pain in lumbar region , down thighs , and through hips. Crick in back.

NUX VOMICA 30-Nux vomica is one of the effective homoeopathic medicines for lumbar pain  due to lifting. It occurs commonly persons having a sedentary life, the modern lifestyle where physical activity is little while mental stress is too much and the patient is chilly and constipated.Pain is worse in winters. Back pain in the bed on lying. Must sit up or turn side.

PHOSPHORUS 30-Phosphorus is prescribed when pain is attended with burning sensation in the spine. The back feels as if it would break from pain. Weakness in the back is also observed.

SILICEA 30—Silicea is one of the effective remedy for back pain when there are some degenerative changes in the bones occurs. These changes may be osteoarthritic forming bony spurs or they may concern the discs. Any exposure to cold air can bring on the pain. The patient feels better in warmth and in the summer weather.

OVA TOSTA 3X- Ova tosta is prescribed for back pain with leucorrhoea. There is a feeling as if the spine was broken and wired or tied together with a string

ANTIMONIUM TART. 30-Antimonium tart is effective remedy due to fatigue especially in the lower back. Any movement may cause vomiting.

STAPHYSAGRIA 30- Staphysagria is prescribed when back pain occurs after sexual excesses or on indignation. It is worse in the morning after rising.

RUTA GRAVEOLENS 30- Ruta graveolens is prescribed  when there is back pain caused by straining of back muscles or ligaments . The pain is due to   lifting of weights or overreaching to objects causing sudden straining of back.

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