Common warts are small, grainy skin growths that occur most often on your fingers or hands. Rough to the touch, warts also often feature a pattern of tiny black dots — sometimes called seeds — which are small, clotted blood vessels.
Common warts are caused by a virus and are transmitted by touch. Children and young adults are more likely to develop common warts, as are people who have weakened immune systems. Warts usually disappear on their own, but many people choose to remove them because they find them bothersome or embarrassing.
Causes-- Common warts are caused by an infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV). More than 100 types of HPV exist, but only a few cause warts on your hands. Other types of HPV are more likely to cause warts on your feet and other areas of your skin and mucous membranes. Most types of HPV cause relatively harmless conditions such as common warts, while others may cause serious disease such as cancer of the cervix.
You can get warts from skin-to-skin contact with people who have warts. If you have warts, you can spread the virus to other places on your own body. You can also get the wart virus indirectly by touching something that another person's wart touched, such as a towel or exercise equipment. The virus usually spreads through breaks in your skin, such as a hangnail or a scrape. Biting your nails also can cause warts to spread on your fingertips and around your nails.
Each person's immune system responds to the HPV virus differently, so not everyone who comes in contact with HPV develops warts.
Symptoms- Warts usually occur on your fingers or hands and may be:
·        Small, fleshy, grainy bumps
·        Flesh-colored, white, pink or tan
·        Rough to the touch
Sprinkled with black pinpoints, which are small, clotted blood vessels
Risk factors-- People at higher risk of developing common warts include:
·        Children and young adults
·        People with weakened immune systems, such as those with HIV/AIDS or people who've had organ transplants
Prevention- To reduce your risk of common warts:
·         Avoid direct contact with warts. This includes your own warts.
·         Don't pick at warts. Picking may spread the virus.
·         Don't use the same emery board, pumice stone or nail clipper on your warts as you use on your healthy skin and nails.
·         Don't bite your fingernails. Warts occur more often in skin that has been broken. Nibbling the skin around your fingernails opens the door for the virus.
·         Groom with care. Use a disposable emery board. And avoid brushing, clipping or shaving areas that have warts. If you must shave, use an electric razor.
·         Wash your hands carefully after touching your warts or surfaces such as shared exercise equipment.
Homoeopathic medicines are best for treating warts and medicinal treatment are available only in Homoeopathy. They are removed permanently by Homoeopathic medicines. Some of the important remedies are given below-

THUJA OCCIDENTALIS 200-When thinking of warts Thuja is the first remedy coming in mind. Thuja occ. is useful for treating nearly all kids of warts on skin ,mucous membrane, genitals  and even anus. It is effective in Cauliflower like warts and pedunculated warts. Warts in crops , sometimes oozing moisture or blood. Thuja mother tincture can be applied externally for better cure.

ANTIMONIUM CRUDUM 30-Antimonium  Crudum is  one of the top remedies for treating warts that are very hard  . Thy are  often found on soles and hands . The person may also overeat and have various digestive complaints.

DULCAMARA 30-Dulcamara is another effective medicine for warts. It is prescribed for large for large, smooth, warts on face and palmar surface of hands. When Thuja fails to act Dulcamara completes the cure. Dulcamara is suitable for  people with rheumatic complaints that are worse in cold, damp weather or humidity.

CAUSTICUM 200- Causticum is an effective remedy for warts on face, eyelids, hands , tip of the nose and fingers. Warts have a soft base and horny on surface. It is suitable to many small warts.

ANAGALLIS 1X- Anagallis possess the power to soften flesh and destroy warts.

FERRUM MET. 30- Ferrum met is effective for treating warts on left hand.

STAPHYSARIA 30-Staphysaria is suitable to fig warts that rae pedunculated. Along with this other symptoms like feeling deep guilt and shame, sensitiveness , suppressed etc are found.

ARSENIC ALBUM 30- Arsenic album is effective for warts on back of the hand , especially right hand.

SARASPARILLA 30-Sarasparilla is effective for treating warts around the joints of fingers.

AURUM MURIATICUM 30- Aurum muriaticum is for treating warts on genitals and tongue.

CARBO ANIMALIS 30-Carbo animalis is for treating warts on hands face of old people.

CASTOR EQUI 30- Castor equi is used for treating warts on the breasts

CASTOREUM CAN. 30- Castoreum can is for warts on forehead.

CALCAREA CARBONICA 30-Calcare carb is for treating warts on face and hands. Here the warts are  round, hard and solitary . It is also  useful for endophytic warts that have a horny wall surrounding a central depression.Calcarea carb is suitable to fat, flabby persons  with clammy hands and feet  and profuse sweat in scalp especially at night. They have a peculiar craving for eggs. They have the tendency of catching cold easily.

FERRUM PICRICUM 30- Ferrum picricum is suitable to small pointed pedunculated warts appearing in large groups. Hands covered with warts. It is also useful for flat or plane warts with irregular borders that grow on the face, neck, wrists, hands and knees. In Ferrum Picricum men may have prostatic enlargement.

NITRIC ACID 30-Ntric acid is an excellent remedy for treating warts of  large, fissured or gold-yellow that bleed on touch or wash.There may be sticking pain and moist oozing. Nitric acid  is also indicated for people who are anxious about health and worry about cancer.

SABINA 30-Sabina is effective for treating figwarts with intolerable itching and burning . There is exuberant granulations. Black warts.

MAGNESIA SULH 30-Magnesia sulph is for treating warts covering on entire face.

NATRUM MURIATICUM 30-Natrum mur. is an important remedy for warts on palms of hands. Along with this other prescribing symptoms like those who are depressed and introverted , reserved and sensitive are seen.

RUTA GRAVEOLENS 30- Ruta graveolens is a leading remedy for plantar warts, especially on the palms of the hand.It is flat or smooth with sore pain. People needing Ruta graveolens are prone to injuries of tendons and periosteum of bone.

NATRUM CARBONICUM 30-Natrum carb is effective for treating warts on palms of hands which is sore to touch.

SEPIA 30-Sepia is effective for treating warts on margin of prepuce and on the body. Here the warts are large , hard and black.

PHOSPHORIC ACID 30-Phosphoric acid is for treating warts on prepuce. It is suitable for black warts.

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