Toothache, also known as dental pain, is pain in the teeth and/or their supporting structures, caused by dental diseases or pain referred to the teeth by non-dental diseases.
Tooth decay is the primary cause of toothaches for most children and adults. Bacteria that live in your mouth thrive on the sugars and starches in the food you eat. These bacteria form a sticky plaque that clings to the surface of your teeth.
Acids produced by the bacteria in plaque can eat through the hard, white coating on the outside of your teeth (enamel), creating a cavity. The first sign of decay may be a sensation of pain when you eat something sweet, very cold or very hot.
Other causes of toothache can include:--An accumulation of food and debris between your teeth, especially if teeth have spacing between them.Infection at the root of the tooth or in the gums.Trauma to the tooth, including injury or grinding your teeth.Sudden fracture of the tooth or tooth root.A split in the tooth that occurs over time.Tooth eruption through the gums (teething).Sinus infection that can be felt as pain in the teeth.A toothache often requires some sort of treatment by your dentist.
Self-care tips
Until you can see your dentist, try these self-care tips for a toothache:
Rinse your mouth with warm water.
Use dental floss to remove any food particles or plaque wedged between your teeth.
Take an over-the-counter (OTC) pain reliever to dull the ache, but don't place aspirin or another painkiller directly against your gums because it may burn your gum tissue.
Sparingly apply an OTC antiseptic containing benzocaine directly to the irritated tooth and gum for temporary relief.
Apply oil of cloves (eugenol) on a small piece of cotton directly to the sore tooth and gum to numb the area.
If the toothache is caused by trauma to the tooth, apply a cold compress to the outside of your cheek

PLANTAGO MAJOR Q- Plantago is an excellent remedy  for toothache. Plantago is of help in all those cases where the teeth ache and are sensitive. Teeth show caries and most persons requiring  Plantago have increased salivation in their mouth with toothache. Plantago also gives good results when there is a swelling of cheeks along with toothache. Hollow cavities appear in the affected teeth.  The pain radiating from teeth to ears is best controlled with Plantago. At times the nerve pain in teeth can spread to eyes. In such reflex pain in eyes from teeth, Plantago plays a wonderful role in controlling pain
Insert a cotton swab drenched with Plantago Q in to the tooth cavity

SILICEA 30-Silicea is the best  remedy for toothache resulting from abscess of root of teeth.  Silicea is the ideal  remedy for pain in teeth due to abscess formation. The gums in all cases are swollen. Cheeks may also get swollen.   Toothache worse  in cold air and from taking cold water. Fever may accompany the toothache due to abscess.

CHAMOMILLA 30-Chamomilla is a very effective  medicine  for toothache when the patient turns irritable, mad and wild with severe tooth pain. The pain in teeth is totally unbearable. Mental agitation with toothache calls for the use of Chamomilla. The patient seems oversensitive to pain. Warm drinks and foods  usually makes the condition worse

KREOSOTUM 30- Kreosotum is a top remedy in toothache. Here the pain is due to decayed teeth but no signs of inflammation or gumboil.

STAPHYSAGRIA 30- Staphysagria is a very effective cure when any food or drink excites the toothache just on touching the teeth. The toothache may appear either in decayed teeth or in sound teeth. The intake of cold drinks worsens the pain. Excessive saliva in mouth and bleeding from gums may also be noted in a few patients.

MERCURIOUS SOL 30-Merc Sol is an excellent  medicine for toothache . There t is profuse saliva in mouth  and  offensive odour in mouth.  Merc Sol should be used when both hot and cold food worsen the pain in teeth. Most of the times the crown of teeth is decayed while the root is perfectly sound. Bleeding from gums is most often noticed. The patient may complain of looseness of teeth. Increased thirst for water may also be present.

PULSATILLA NIG .30-In Pulsatilla toothache is due to taking anything warm in to the mouth.Pain is better by cold water , open air and from uncovering

HEPAR SULPH 30-In Hepar sulph also the toothache is due to root abscess. Here fever with chills is present along with pain and swelling.  

MAGNESIUM PHOS 200-Mag phos is an excellent medicine for neuralgic pain in face on right side due to toothache.

SPIGELIA 30- Toothache when teeth are sound.  Nerve pain extending from teeth to left side of face, Spigelia is the ideal  remedy.

HECLA LAVA 3X-Hecla Lava is an excellent  medicine for toothache that is accompanied by swelling around the jaw. Hecla Lava can be taken in all the cases of toothache with jaw swelling. Hecla Lava will relieve both the pain in teeth as well reduce the swelling around jaw.

ARNICA 30- Arnica is a very effective  remedy for pain in teeth with soreness in gums that occurs after filling of teeth. Here, Arnica act as an accurate pain relieving medicine.Toothche from wearing false teeth. It also causes pain in gums after teeth extraction.
HYPERICUM PERF. 30- Hypericum is effective  for nerve pain following tooth filling procedures.

COFFEA 30- Coffea can be taken if cold water gives relief in toothache.

SEPIA 30 and MAGNESIUM CARB 30-Toothache during pregnancy

OLEUM ANNI 30- Toothache better when pressing the teeth together

CHERIANTHUS C. 30-Toothache due to cutting the wisdom teeth . Deafness, otorrhoea, nose stopped at night due to irritation of cutting wisdom teeth.

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