Prostate cancer is cancer that occurs in a man's prostate — a small walnut-shaped gland that produces the seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperm.
Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in men. Prostate cancer usually grows slowly and initially remains confined to the prostate gland, where it may not cause serious harm. While some types of prostate cancer grow slowly and may need minimal or no treatment, other types are aggressive and can spread quickly.
Prostate cancer that is detected early — when it's still confined to the prostate gland — has a better chance of successful treatment.
Causes- It's not clear what causes prostate cancer.
Doctors know that prostate cancer begins when some cells in your prostate become abnormal. Mutations in the abnormal cells' DNA cause the cells to grow and divide more rapidly than normal cells do. The abnormal cells continue living, when other cells would die. The accumulating abnormal cells form a tumor that can grow to invade nearby tissue. Some abnormal cells can break off and spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body.
Symptoms-- Prostate cancer may cause no signs or symptoms in its early stages.
Prostate cancer that is more advanced may cause signs and symptoms such as:
·         Trouble urinating
·         Decreased force in the stream of urine
·         Blood in the semen
·         Discomfort in the pelvic area
·         Bone pain
·         Erectile dysfunction
Risk factors- Factors that can increase your risk of prostate cancer include:
Older age. Your risk of prostate cancer increases as you age.
Being black. Black men have a greater risk of prostate cancer than do men of other races. In black men, prostate cancer is also more likely to be aggressive or advanced. It's not clear why this is.
Family history of prostate or breast cancer. If men in your family have had prostate cancer, your risk may be increased. Also, if you have a family history of genes that increase the risk of breast cancer (BRCA1 or BRCA2) or a very strong family history of breast cancer, your risk of prostate cancer may be higher.
Obesity. Obese men diagnosed with prostate cancer may be more likely to have advanced disease that's more difficult to treat.
Complications- Complications of prostate cancer and its treatments include:
Cancer that spreads (metastasizes). Prostate cancer can spread to nearby organs, such as your bladder, or travel through your bloodstream or lymphatic system to your bones or other organs. Prostate cancer that spreads to the bones can cause pain and broken bones. Once prostate cancer has spread to other areas of the body, it may still respond to treatment and may be controlled, but it's unlikely to be cured.
Incontinence. Both prostate cancer and its treatment can cause urinary incontinence. Treatment for incontinence depends on the type you have, how severe it is and the likelihood it will improve over time. Treatment options may include medications, catheters and surgery.
Erectile dysfunction. Erectile dysfunction can be a result of prostate cancer or its treatment, including surgery, radiation or hormone treatments. Medications, vacuum devices that assist in achieving erection and surgery are available to treat erectile dysfunction.

Screening for Prostate cancer

Whether to test healthy men with no symptoms for prostate cancer is controversial. Medical organizations don't agree on the issue of screening and whether it has benefits.
Some medical organizations recommend men consider prostate cancer screening in their 50s, or sooner for men who have risk factors for prostate cancer. Other organizations advise against screening.
Prostate screening tests might include:)
Digital rectal exam (DRE). During a DRE, your doctor inserts a gloved, lubricated finger into your rectum to examine your prostate, which is adjacent to the rectum. If your doctor finds any abnormalities in the texture, shape or size of your gland, you may need more tests.
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test. A blood sample is drawn from a vein in your arm and analyzed for PSA, a substance that's naturally produced by your prostate gland. It's normal for a small amount of PSA to be in your bloodstream. However, if a higher than normal level is found, it may be an indication of prostate infection, inflammation, enlargement or cancer.
PSA testing combined with DRE helps identify prostate cancers at their earliest stages, but studies have disagreed whether these tests reduce the risk of dying of
prostate cancer. For that reason, there is debate surrounding prostate cancer screening.
If an abnormality is detected on a DRE or PSA test, your doctor may recommend tests to determine whether you have prostate cancer, such as:
Ultrasound. If other tests raise concerns, your doctor may use transrectal ultrasound to further evaluate your prostate. A small probe, about the size and shape of a cigar, is inserted into your rectum. The probe uses sound waves to make a picture of your prostate gland.
Collecting a sample of prostate tissue. If initial test results suggest prostate cancer, your doctor may recommend a procedure to collect a sample of cells from your prostate (prostate biopsy). Prostate biopsy is often done using a thin needle that's inserted into the prostate to collect tissue. The tissue sample is analyzed in a lab to determine whether cancer cells are present.

Homoeopathy today is a rapidly growing system and is being practiced all over the world.Its strength lies in its evident effectiveness as it takes a holistic approach towards the sick individual through promotion of inner balance at mental, emotional, spiritual and physical levels. When Prostate cancer   is concerned there are many effective medicines are available in Homoeopathy, but the selection depends upon the individuality of the patient, considering the mental and physical symptoms.
SABAL SERRULATA Q—Sabal serrulata is one of the top remedies for Prostate cancer with difficulty in urinating. Prostate gland become enlarged that causes cystitis. The person feels pain during urinating. Urination becomes difficult , and there is smarting , burning in urethra. Frequent desire to urinate. Feeling as if bladder too full, starting the flow was painful as if forced through narrow meatus, causes dribbling of urine.Aching pain in abdomen that extend to abdomen. Discharge of prostatic fluid during stool or urination. Sex is painful at the time of emission. Loss of sexual power is another feature due to this complaint.

CONIUM MACULATUM 1000—Conium maculatum is considered to be another excellent remedy for Prostate cancer, and should be given in high potency. Difficulty in urination, interrupted urine, urine stops and starts several times before complete voiding. After urination the person feel cutting and burning pain.Dribbling of prostatic fluid, worse stools, emotions etc.Impotence, erection imperfect and of too short duration.

CHIMAPHILA UMBELLATA Q—Chimaphila umbellata is considered when dysuria occurs.Retention and dysuria of urine with a feeling of a ball in perineum , as if sitting on a ball. The person must strain before flow comes. Costant urging to urinate. Urine is turbid and offensive , containing ropy or bloody mucus and depositing a copious sediment. There is burning and scalding during urination and straining afterwards.

CANTHARIS  200- Cantharis is considered in Prostate cancer with constant desire to urinate. The person feels intolerable tenesmus and there is cutting pain before during and after urine. Urine burning, scalding with cutting pains and intolerable urging. Urine is passed drop by drop. Urine jelly like and shreddy.

THUJA OCCIDENTALIS 30-Thuja occidentalis is considered where the person feels as if a drop was running down urethra after urination. Urinary stream is split and small. Sensation of trickling after urination. There is burning and cutting pain while urine passes. Involuntary urination at night.

MEDORRHINUM 200-Medorrhinum is considered in Prostate cancer where  heaviness of prostate occurs which painful and enlarged with painful urination. Painful tenesmus when urinating. Urine flow very slowly.

GERANIUM MACUALTUM Q, HAMAMELIS VIRGINICA  Q, CROTALUS HORRIDUS 30- Geranium maculatum , Hamamelis  virginica , Crotalus hor. should be considered if hematuria occurs in Prostate cancer.
CARCINOSIN 30—Start treatment with this remedy.

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