Fibromyalgia is a disorder characterized by widespread musculoskeletal pain accompanied by fatigue, sleep, memory and mood issues. Researchers believe that fibromyalgia amplifies painful sensations by affecting the way your brain processes pain signals.
Symptoms sometimes begin after a physical trauma, surgery, infection or significant psychological stress. In other cases, symptoms gradually accumulate over time with no single triggering event.
Women are more likely to develop fibromyalgia than are men. Many people who have fibromyalgia also have tension headaches, temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders, irritable bowel syndrome, anxiety and depression.
Causes --Doctors don't know what causes fibromyalgia, but it most likely involves a variety of factors working together. These may include:
Genetics. Because fibromyalgia tends to run in families, there may be certain genetic mutations that may make you more susceptible to developing the disorder.
Infections. Some illnesses appear to trigger or aggravate fibromyalgia.
Physical or emotional trauma. Fibromyalgia can sometimes be triggered by a physical trauma, such as a car accident. Psychological stress may also trigger the condition.
Researchers believe repeated nerve stimulation causes the brains of people with fibromyalgia to change. This change involves an abnormal increase in levels of certain chemicals in the brain that signal pain (neurotransmitters). In addition, the brain's pain receptors seem to develop a sort of memory of the pain and become more sensitive, meaning they can overreact to pain signals.
Symptoms--Symptoms of fibromyalgia include:
Widespread pain. The pain associated with fibromyalgia often is described as a constant dull ache that has lasted for at least three months. To be considered widespread, the pain must occur on both sides of your body and above and below your waist.
Fatigue. People with fibromyalgia often awaken tired, even though they report sleeping for long periods of time. Sleep is often disrupted by pain, and many patients with fibromyalgia have other sleep disorders, such as restless legs syndrome and sleep apnea.
Cognitive difficulties. A symptom commonly referred to as "fibro fog" impairs the ability to focus, pay attention and concentrate on mental tasks.
Fibromyalgia often co-exists with other painful conditions, such as:
·         Irritable bowel syndrome
·         Migraine and other types of headaches
·         Interstitial cystitis or painful bladder syndrome
·         Temporomandibular joint disorders

Risk factors--Risk factors for fibromyalgia include:
Your sex. Fibromyalgia is diagnosed more often in women than in men.
Family history. You may be more likely to develop fibromyalgia if a relative also has the condition.
Other disorders. If you have osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis or lupus, you may be more likely to develop fibromyalgia.

Complications-- The pain and lack of sleep associated with fibromyalgia can interfere with your ability to function at home or on the job. The frustration of dealing with an often-misunderstood condition also can result in depression and health-related anxiety.
Well selected Homoeopathic remedies are effective for the management of fibromyalgia. Some of the important remedies are given below.

RHUS TOXICODENDRON 200- Rhus tox is one of the top remedies for fibromyalgia with muscle pain. There is tearing pain in tendons , ligaments and tissues especially at the nape of neck, loins and limbs. These pains are worse from rest and better from motion. The limbs become stiff and paralyzed, cannot tolerate fresh air.

RUTA GRAVEOLENS 30- Ruta is also effective for fibromyalgia with muscle pain and spasms. There is bruised pain all over the body, due to muscular weakness. The tendons become very sore, and aching pain in Achilles tendon. Ruta is suited to robust, bloody persons and corresponds to hemorrhages from nose, gums and rectum.

ARNICA MONTANA 30- Arnica is effective for fibromyalgia from the bad effects of mechanical injuries. There is soreness , lameness and bruised feeling in all muscles. Everything on which the patient lies seems too hard.There is a feeling of heat of the upper part with coldness in the lower part. Pains are aggravated from touch, lying down and better from motion.

KALI PHOSPHORICUM 30- Kali phos is excellent for fibromyalgia with great prostration, both mental and physical. There is paralytic lameness in limbs, aggravates on exertion. Pains with depression and subsequent exhaustion. There is paratylic weakness in limbs. Kali phos is adapted to weak and nervous persons.In Kali phos fibromyalgia is associated with cognitive difficulties. There is difficulty in concentration, extreme lassitude and depression.

BELLADONNA 30- Belladonna is an excellent remedy for fibromyalgia with migraine and other headaches.There is throbbing , hammering headache , worse temple, worse motion, better letting hair down , laying the hand on head, bending head backwards.There is shooting pain nad trembling of limbs. Joints red, shining, with red streaks radiating.

BRYONIA ALBA 30-Bryonia is best for fibromyalgia with muscle and joint pain. There is stitching , tearing pain in muscles and joints. With pain the joints become red and swollen. The complaints are aggravated by least movement. Every spot is painful on pressure. Bryonia is suited to  constitution of robust, firm fiber and dark complexion with tendency to lameness and irritability.

GELSEMIUM SEMPERVIRENS 30- Gelsemium is best for fibromyalgia with peculiar characteristic symptoms of Gelsemium- dullness, dizziness and drowsiness . There is excessive weakness and trembling of all muscles. Severe fatigue after slight exercise. There is loss of control of muscular power. Muscles refuse to obey the will.

CHINA 30-China is excellent for fibromyalgia with fatigue and general debility. There is great debility trembling with numb sensation. Pains in limbs and joints , as if sprained , worse from slight touch, better from hard pressure.There is weariness of joints worse morning and when sitting.

COLOCYNTHIS 30- Colocynthis is prescribed for fibromyalgia with marked gastric complaints. There is pain and  contraction of muscles. Tearing, drawing pain , better fro pressure and heat. There is stiffness of joints and shortening of tendons.Along with complaint the person experiences agonizing , cutting pain in abdomen, causing the patient to bend double for relief.

HYPERICUM PERFORATUM 30-Hypericum is excellent for fibromyalgia with numbness, tingling and burning in all muscles. There is a crawling sensation in  hand and feet. Sharp severe pain in the upper and lower limbs. Limbs feel detached.

KALMIA  LATIFOLIA 30-Kalmia is effective for fibromyalgia , that affects a large part of a limb or several joints and pass through quickly. The pains are sticking , darting, pressing or shooting in nature. The joints of the upper part of the body are mainly getting involved first and then the pain travelling downwards to lower limbs. There is weakness, numbness, pricking and sense of coldness in limbs. The affected joints are red and swollen.

CAUSTICUM 200- Causticum is excellent for fibromyalgia with dull, tearing pains in hands and limbs. There is soreness , stiffness and weakness in the muscles. The complaints are worse from being cold and from over use.The forearms feel stiff, unsteady and very weak. The muscles of the legs can feel contracted and sore , and the person may have restless legs at night. The pains are associated with paralysis of single parts..The problems are worse from dry weather and better in rainy weather, although getting wet aggravates the pain and stiffness. Warm applications and warming up in bed often gives relief.This remedy is indicated in patients who have long lasting grief or sorrow leading to fibromyalgia. The pains appear suddenly due to fear, fright or anger.

CALCAREA CARB 30- Calcarea carb is indicated for fibromyalgia in fat and obese persons. There is muscle soreness and weakness that are worse from exertion, and worse from getting cold and damp. There is tearing pain in muscles.The person is chilly and with clammy hands and feet. They are easily fatigued , and has a tendency to feel overwhelmed and anxious. They have a peculiar craving for eggs and indigestible things.

ANACARDIUM ORIENTALE 200- Anacardium orientale is indicated for fibromyalgia with absent mindedness, impaired memory and diminution of the senses like smell, sight, and hearing.There is neuralgia and paralytic weakness of muscles. Cramps in the calves worse walking or rising from a seat.

LACHESIS 200-  Lachesis is prescribed for fibromyalgia with sleep disturbances. Sleepiness , but cannot sleep –that is the characteristic symptom of Lachesis. Left side of the body is mainly affected. Lachesis persons fears  going to sleep, lying down or fears that heart will stop.Great loquacity , rambling, frequently jumping one subject to another. They are nervous and excitable.

CIMCIFUGA RACEMOSA 30-Cimcifuga is best for fibromyalgia with alternation of rheumatic and mental symptoms. There is aching in limbs and muscular soreness and stiffness. The stiffness is accompanied by shooting pains which are aggravated by getting cold. The muscles of neck and spine becomes very tight, and the person may have headaches and other problems during menstrual periods.Cimcifuga persons are energetic, and talkative, becoming depressed or fearful when physical problems trouble them.

MAGNESIA CARBONICA 30- Magnesium carb is best for fibromyalgia with sleep disturbances. Unrefreshing sleep , more tired in the morning than on retiring.There is heavy, tired and painful feeling in limbs.

NUX VOMICA 30-Nux vomica is prescribed for fibromyalgia with stiff, paralytic, numb feeling in all muscles. Fibromyalgia alternating between constipation and  diarrhea. There is heaviness and bloating in abdomen soon after eating.

SANGUINARIA CANADENSIS 30- Sanguinaria is prescribed for fibromyalgia with periodical sick headache , pain begins in occiput , spreads upwards or ascending  from occiput to over right eye.There is cutting pain and stiffness in muscles , especially in the right deltoid worse raising or turning arm.

PHOSPHORUS 30- Phosphorus is best for fibromyalgia with numbness and tingling. Arms and hands become numb. Weakness and trembling of hands from every exertion can scarcely hold anything with his hands. Joints suddenly give away.

RANUNCULUS BULBOSUS 30- Ranunculus bulbosus is best for fibromyalgia with fibrositis and muscle stiffness especially of neck and back muscles. There is crawling and tingling sensation , especially in fingers. Stabbing pains and soreness , especially near the spine and shoulder blades , on the left. Complaints are worse from cold damp weather , walking, and alcoholic beverages.

ZINCUM METALLICUM 30-Zincum met is another remedy for fibromyalgia with pain. There is pain in limbs on becoming heated. Fibromyalgia with lameness, weakness, trembling and twitching of various muscles. Zincum met is suited to nervous persons.

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