Osteoporosis is the thinning of bone tissue and loss of bone density over time.
Osteoporosis occurs when the body fails to form enough new bone, or when too much old bone is reabsorbed by the body, or both.
Calcium and phosphate are two minerals that are essential for normal bone formation. Throughout youth, the body uses these minerals to produce bones. If calcium intake is not sufficient, or if the body does not absorb enough calcium from the diet, bone production and bone tissues may suffer.
As people age, calcium and phosphate may be reabsorbed back into the body from the bones, which makes the bone tissue weaker. Both situations can result in brittle, fragile bones that are subject to fractures, even without trauma.
The leading causes are a drop in estrogen in women at the time ofmenopause and a drop in testosterone in men. Women, especially those over the age of 50, get osteoporosis more often than men
 A drop in estrogen in women at the time of menopause  and a drop in testosterone in men. Women, especially those over the age of 50, get osteoporosis more often than men.
Excess corticosteroid from cushing’s syndrome, hyperthyroidism, hyperparathyroidism  , being confined to a bed, and bone cancers
There are no symptoms in the early stages of the disease.
Symptoms occurring late in the disease include:
Fractures of the vertebrae, wrists, or hips (usually the first indication)
Low back pain
Neck pain
Bone pain or tenderness
Loss of height over time
Stooped posture

Self care

Calcium is essential for building and maintaining healthy bone. VitaminD which helps your body absorb calcium, is also essential. To get these and other important nutrients throughout life, make sure to keep an overall healthy, well-balanced diet.
To help prevent osteoporosis, don't smoke, and avoid drinking excess alcohol.
Regular exercise can prevent bone fractures. Exercises where muscles pull on bones cause the bones to retain, and possibly gain, density.
Call your Doctor if
if you have symptoms of osteoporosis

Pain worse at night
Pain mainly in the skull, nose or palate  Aurum metallicum   6          Every 8 hours           4
Limbs feel achy,and numb.
Chilly patient                                                Calcarea phos                      30        Evey 4 hours            8
Stabbing pain in bones                              Flouric acid               200     Evey 8 hours            4

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