Tonsillitis is inflammation of the tonsils, two oval-shaped pads of tissue at the back of the throat — one tonsil on each side. Signs and symptoms of tonsillitis include swollen tonsils, sore throat, difficulty swallowing and tender lymph nodes on the sides of the neck.
Most cases of tonsillitis are caused by infection with a common virus, but bacterial infections also may cause tonsillitis
The tonsils are the immune system's first line of defense against bacteria and viruses that enter your mouth. This function may make the tonsils particularly vulnerable to infection and inflammation. However, the tonsil's immune system function declines after puberty — a factor that may account for the rare cases of tonsillitis in adults.
Causes-. Tonsillitis is most often caused by common viruses, but bacterial infections can also be the cause.
The most common bacterium causing tonsillitis is Streptococcus pyogenes (group A streptococcus), the bacterium that causes strep throat. Other strains of strep and other bacteria also may cause tonsillitis.
Symptoms- Tonsillitis most commonly affects children between preschool ages and the mid-teenage years. Common signs and symptoms of tonsillitis include:
·         Red, swollen tonsils
·         White or yellow coating or patches on the tonsils
·         Sore throat
·         Difficult or painful swallowing
·         Fever
·         Enlarged, tender glands (lymph nodes) in the neck
·         A scratchy, muffled or throaty voice
·         Bad breath
·         Stomachache, particularly in younger children
·         Stiff neck
·         Headache
In young children who are unable to describe how they feel, signs of tonsillitis may include:
·         Drooling due to difficult or painful swallowing
·         Refusal to eat
·         Unusual fussiness

Risk factors-- Risk factors for tonsillitis include:
Young age. Tonsillitis most often occurs in children, but rarely in those younger than age 2. Tonsillitis caused by bacteria is most common in children ages 5 to 15, while viral tonsillitis is more common in younger children.
Frequent exposure to germs. School-age children are in close contactwith their peers and frequently exposed to viruses or bacteria that can cause tonsillitis.
Complications-- Inflammation or swelling of the tonsils from frequent or ongoing (chronic) tonsillitis can cause complications such as:
·         Difficulty breathing
·         Disrupted breathing during sleep (obstructive sleep apnea)
·         Infection that spreads deep into surrounding tissue (tonsillar cellulitis)
·         Infection that results in a collection of pus behind a tonsil (peritonsillar abscess)
Strep infection
If tonsillitis caused by group A streptococcus or another strain of streptococcal bacteria isn't treated, or if antibiotic treatment is incomplete, your child has an increased risk of rare disorders such as:
·         Rheumatic fever, an inflammatory disorder that affects the heart, joints and other tissues
·         Poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis, an inflammatory disorder of the kidneys that results in inadequate removal of waste and excess fluids from blood

Prevention -- The germs that cause viral and bacterial tonsillitis are contagious. Therefore, the best prevention is to practice good hygiene. Teach your child to:
·         Wash his or her hands thoroughly and frequently, especially after using the toilet and before eating
·         Avoid sharing food, drinking glasses, water bottles or utensils
·         Replace his or her toothbrush after being diagnosed with tonsillitis
To help your child prevent the spread of a bacterial or viral infection to others:
·         Keep your child at home when he or she is ill
·         Ask your doctor when it's all right for your child to return to school
·         Teach your child to cough or sneeze into a tissue or, when necessary, into his or her elbow
·         Teach your child to wash his or her hands after sneezing or coughing


Homoeopathic remedies are very effective for both acute and chronic tonsillitis. Unnecessary surgical removal can be avoided by giving Homoeopathic medicines.

BELLADONNA 30—Belladonna is one of the top Homoeopathic medicines for acute tonsillitis. Belladonna is prescribed when there are red, inflamed, enlarged tonsils and dry throat attended with fever. There is heat , constriction and a feeling of lump in the throat. Swallowing food is difficult and painful.

CALCAREA CARB 30-Calcarea carb is best for chronic tonsillitis. Calcarea carb has a tendency to catch cold with slight change in weather. Calcarea carb is more suited to fat flabby child. There is a special craving for eggs.
Calcarea carb is effective for removing symptoms like post nasal catarrh and cough after tonsillectomy .

 MERC. SOL 30-Merc sol is best for tonsillitis and it is prescribed where there is marked burning and smarting pains in throat.The pain radiating from the throat to ear. Another feature is excessive salivation along with this complaint.There is a constant inclination to swallow. White deposits may be present on tonsils. Fetid or foul odor from the mouth may also be observed.

HEPAR SULPH 30- Hepar sulph is best for peritonsilar abscess with stitching pain in the throat with a sensation of throne in the throat. Pain from throat may radiate to ear. The pain is worse on swallowing food. There is hoarseness of voice and the person may hawk up yellow mucus.

BARYTA CARB. 30—Baryta carb is best for tonsillitis, especially scrofulous children , who are physically dwarfish and do not grow and develop normally.Baryta carb patients have a tendency to catch cold easily, with the cold settling in the throat every time. There is smarting or stinging pain in the tonsils, which is worse by even empty swallowing. A burning sensation is felt in the throat. Liquid alone can be swallowed with ease.

MERC IODATUS RUBER 3X- Merc iodatus ruber is best for left sided tonsillitis.There are swollen tonsil with dark red fauces on left side , lump sensation in the throat and a tendency to hawk.

LACHESIS 200-Lachesis is another remedy for left sided tonsillitis.Sometimes tonsillitis starts in the left tonsil and shift to the right tonsil. There is purplish appearance of  left side tonsil and throat pain radiating to the ear. Another feature is difficulty in swallowing liquids. Hot drinks may worsen the pain.

LYCOPODIUM CLAVATUM 30-Lycopodium is an excellent remedy for right sided tonsillitis. There are swollen right sided tonsil with sharp pain, mainly on swallowing . Ulcers are present on the tonsil.Cold drinks worsen the pain but warm drinks give relief to the pain.Tonsilitis starts on the right side and shift on the left side .

MERC IODATUS FLAVUS 3X-Merc iodatus flavus is best for tonsillitis of right side. There are tough mucus in throat and a constant inclination to swallow. There is a feeling of lump in throat , relief from taking cold drinks. Sometimes the tonsillitis starts on the right side and shift on the left side.

PHYTOLACCA DECANDRA 30-Phytolacca dec. is an excellent remedy for tonsillitis where the pain from the tonsils radiates to the ears.The pain is worse on swallowing. Eating hot things worsens the pain.There are roughness and burning sensation in the throat. The tonsils are  dark red or bluish in appearance 

PSORINUM 1000, TUBERCULINUM 1000, AND BARYTA CARB 1000-Psorinum , Tuberculinum, and Baryta carb are very good remedies to prevent recurrent throat infections. They are effective for boosting the immunity of the patient.

STREPTOCOCCINUM 1000- Streptococcinm is best for removing all problems and ailments after tonsillectomy. Also it is used as an intercurrent remedy in inflammation of tonsils with high fever.

SULPHUR 200- Sulphur is effective for all complaints after the removal of tonsils. There is aggravation of symptoms with change of weather.

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